"Everyone has the right to freedom of thought and the freedom to communicate opinions and expressions in a manner that is not contrary to any tenet of Islam" - Article 27 - Constitution of the Republic of Maldives … [THE OPINIONS EXPRESSED IN THIS BLOG ARE MY OWN] … 'Kratos Demos' ...
Showing posts with label Politics. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Politics. Show all posts

Sunday, May 26, 2013

No clear direction to start with - Maldives 2013

Elections Commission's Political Party membership statistics update (10.03.2013) shows that the Maldivian Democratic Party - MDP (45666) and  Progressive Party of Maldives - PPM (22383) remains to be the two largest political entities in the country. 

As people Power  will be at test in the Maldives this September, political actors seem to be making hasty decisions and announcements, with the majority parties already having held their primaries, have their Presidential candidates touring the small island state. The yellow and magenta feud seems to be spreading like wildfire in the country while smaller parties coalition one another to get on to a common arena. 

Meanwhile, street violence and gang activity in the country is heading towards unimaginable dimensions.  Today street violence have exceeded beyond limitation and criminal offences are no longer classified as simple pity crimes. It has very much become a mainstream Male' culture to have cases of stabbing and gang beat-ups everyday. Statistics shows that over the first four months of the year lawsuits filled in the criminal court increased by 122% compared to the same period last year

Dr. Aishath Ali Naaz's research on "Gangs of Male'" reported that "... gangs are often propped up by actors with political and business interests who readily exploit gangs to achieve their aims. This means that participation in gangs has become an easy path for young people seeking to earn a living—in an environment where many face difficulties in finding employment". 

Friday, March 23, 2012

We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence!

Nobel Peace Prize laureate, and civil rights hero, Martin Luther King, Jr., on that August 1963, at Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C. delivered one of the worlds most admirable speeches of all time. 

A speech that echoed across freedom movements in every corner of the world. 

"I have a dream" he said. Yet he cautioned;

"...In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy out thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high planes of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force..."

An advice worth remembering at this difficult time for Maldives as a Nation. 

I strongly condemn violence taking place in the Maldives. 
Whether it be Police Brutality, isolated and/or organised attacks on Policemen. Whether it be by activists of Political divisions in the County. Or by random thugs taking advantage of the current political instability in the Country. I am Against any form of Violence !!

Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Yes we need an Election!!!

Victory for the People - Flickr Photo: enwiie
"Kratos Demos - Power to the People " ... Simple and unambiguous. 

Joseph A. Schumpeter, the famous Austrian-Hungarian-American economist and political scientist, describes in short the Classical Doctrine of Democracy in his book Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy as:
"The Democratic method is that institutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions which realizes the common good by making the people itself decide issues through the election of individuals who are assembled in order to carry out its will."
Democracy is in theory simple and justifiable, let the people choose and let the people decide. 

In the Maldives we are very new to this concept. In fact we can come to a conclusion to say that we are an infant nation when it comes to democracy, social, civil and human rights; pillars necessary for a people State. 

We came up with  a new constitution to support a democratic nation. We got rid of a long serving President, who dictated a nation for 30 long years. We, for the first time had the freedom to establish and participate in Political Parties. We struggled and we achieved the right of Freedom of expression and freedom of peaceful Assembly. We held the very first Multi-Party Elections in the country. Yes we did that all.

Unlike other countries, who struggled for generations and shed blood for their cause we were lucky to embrace democracy the easy way and yes it was a miracle. But with the new freedoms and gift of democracy did we have the necessary felicitous institutions, organizations and people ?? Have we made the right choices?? Is the Nation progressing or heading further back down in the drain??

As of now we are still struggling. Struggling to get back on our feet as a nation. And what we seriously need now is an overhaul in the system. Especially the Judiciary!!

Monday, March 5, 2012

Coup d'état in the Maldives ??

President Nasheed writes his resignation letter

Maldives observed a change of government on 7th February 2012. Continuous protests brought  Nasheed's Presidency to a brink, and the 7th February Mutiny became the end for the first democratically elected President of the country. With Mohamed Nasheed's resignation, Vice President Dr. Mohamed Waheed Hassan Maniku, took oath of office as the President. Of course as per the Constitution

The following day Maldives woke up to hear allegations and conspiracy of a Coup d'état. "By all definitions it was a Coup" Nasheed spoke out. 

By definition, a Coup d'état is a strike against the State. It is a sudden and decisive change of government illegally or by force. Question is: 'was this the indubitable setting in Maldives on that February Tuesday'? 

The Events - End of a Presidency

Events that led to his resignation was bloody to some extent. After the continuous series of protests against the 'enforced disappearance' of Criminal court Judge Abdulla Mohamed, by Anti-Government protesters, factions of the Maldives Police Service mutinied over what they called 'being given unlawful orders' and demanded Commissioner of Police Ahemd Faseeh to meet them and assure them that they will not be given unlawful orders anymore. 

Article 64 of the Constitution: Non-compliance with unlawful orders state that "No employee of the State shall impose any orders on a person except under authority of a law. Everyone has the right not to obey an unlawful order". The mutinying Police were requesting that this Article be honored.

At this point Police did not call for the President's resignation, very clearly their only demand was an assurance by their Commissioner. This never happened. Instead what we witnessed in the Maldives were confrontations with Pro-Government supporters and mutinying police, followed by clashes with the Maldivian National Defense Force (MNDF) who were trying to take control of the situation.

As morning broke, President Nasheed came to the scene, must say a brave attempt, faced the mutinying Police and tried to address them, he was responded by "Sir, No Sir". With that failed attempt he was moved into the Maldivian National Defense Headquarters (adjacent to the Republic square)

Frankly, it is unsure when and how the demands to meet the Commissioner of Police changed to the call for Nasheed's resignation.

Friday, March 2, 2012

Dr. Mohamed Waheed Hassan Maniku, a legitimate President?

Dr. Waheed takes oath of office as President
The third President of the second Republic of the Maldives, Mr. Mohamed Nasheed was forced to step down, after what appeared to be a historic Mutiny of the Maldivian Police Service. Nasheed resigned in his office, in front of media and on television, people of the island nation witnessed Nasheed as he humbly said those words,

 "I resign because I am not a person who wished to rule with the use of power ... I believe that if the government were to remain in power it would require the use of force which would harm many citizens"

Second in command that day in Maldives was Dr. Mohamed Waheed Hassan Maniku. 

Elected Vice President

2008 was perhaps the most important year in modern Maldivian history. The first ever Multi Party democratic elections were held in the country, after a 30 year long autocratic rule by then President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. A nation stood divided, Pro-Gayoom supporter on one side and Anti-Gayoom elements on the other. 

Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), the first registered political Party in the country, the beginning of the modern democratic movement in the country, nominated Nasheed after a party primary.

Dr. Waheed was then (and still remains) leader of the minority political faction, Gaumee Ittihaad, that emerged out of MDP. He himself  also had declared his intentions to run for the Presidency. 

Nasheed making the friendly gesture to his old colleague, invited Dr. Waheed as a running mate. After the first rounds of election, it was a battle between Gayoom and Nasheed. Naturally all political organisation other than that of Gayoom's Dhivehi Rayithunge Party (DRP) and his younger brother Yameen's Peoples Alliance, joined hand in hand and allied behind Nasheed.

Tuesday, February 7, 2012

The 07th February Mutiny - End of Mohamed Nasheed Presidency

The Third President of the Second Republic of Maldives, Mr. Mohamed Nasheed (G.Kenereege) has been forced to step down, after what appeared to be a historic 07th February Mutiny by the Security Services and Civil disobedience. 

Once again I call all authorities, forces, services and all people in general, do not harm President Nasheed in any way. He is an elected President of the Republic of Maldives. Uphold the dignity.

Remember that there is an elected Vice President in the Country. Hand over him the responsibilities of the President as soon as possible. Give way to a smooth change. He should take up the oath of office immediately.

We shifted from a Dictatorship to a democracy in 2008 and we showed an example to the world then. I call the Security forces to show that example again. 

Breaking News: Presidency at its brink - Mohamed Nasheed

Reports confirm the Maldivian Defense Force has indeed surrendered to the Maldivian Police Services and the Anti-Government Protesters. President Nasheed is inside Bandaara Koshi the MNDF Headquarters. 

However, unconfirmed reports say that MNDF Soldiers inside the HQ may involve in more confrontations, however, it is believed that most of the Soldiers have joined the Police. 

After what appeared to be bloody confrontations between the Pro-Government protesters and Maldivian Police Service who joined the Anti-Government protests earlier last night, refusing to obey unlawful orders issued to them by superiors, President Nasheed did try to get the situation under control as he addressed the Police. He was responded by "Sir, No Sir". And after being called to resign by the Police Service, Nasheed with MNDF security, entered Bandaara Koshi, the MNDF HQ. 

Maldives witnessed weeks long Anti-Government protests in the capital over the "enforced disappearance" of Judge Abdullah Mohamed by the MNDF on orders of Nasheed. Also since December 23rd, opposition protests have been ongoing over the Governments vague Islamic Policies, and over GMR International Airport. 

While both major hospitals in the capital are on alert and HIGH EMERGENCY, and it has been reported that victims of the confrontation are indeed brought it. No reported deaths. 

This may indeed be the end of the Third President of the Second Republic, Maldives. 


If Nasheed is no longer in power, by Law the Vice President of the County Dr. Waheed should take over. 

Find updates on my twitter : https://twitter.com/#!/maeed

Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Uphold the Constitution and Remain a Sovereign Islamic Nation !!

Constitution of the Republic of Maldives.
(Famous capture of the cover, not sure of the photographer)
With laws made to safeguard Islam as a religion in Maldives how can one even think that the country will loose Islam as it's foundation and its faith? Who ever thinks otherwise is either unaware of the Constitutional authority Islam has in the country or is unable to digest the reality that Maldivians go way deep into roots of Islam. There should be NO fear among Maldivians to believe or even think of a day when Islam can be wiped off the surface of Maldives. 

We are Maldivians, we have remained an Islamic state for over 800 years or so. We are a country that fosters the Islamic way of life, morals and values. We are apparently the only 100% people democracy in the world that has a 100% Muslim population. We should not only be proud of it but should also protect this legacy by not allowing our country turn into a extremist hub. We should not allow our country to fall into the hands of religious extremists and turn into another Taliban Afghanistan. We are a moderate people with a beautiful history and culture, we are a people of peace and harmony. We should all keep this in mind and make sure we do not take that wrong turn in these changing tides. 

I for one strongly oppose the small protest by some 30 Maldives demanding Religious Freedom in the Country. Not because it was only unacceptable but it is also illegal under the Constitution. One is entitled to Freedom of Assembly and Freedom of Expression under the Maldivian Charter of Rights and Freedom, everyone should abide the charter, and follow the right  to exercise freedom given to one by the charter, one should not do so by going against Article 27 of the Constitution. 

Wednesday, December 7, 2011

Random thoughts: Politics in Maldives heading nowhere

For any democracy to function one will always assume that there has to be a ruling party and a opposition party. In the case on Maldives, a country that so happens to be a transitioned democracy, we have some 13 different registered political parties, of course divided into two main fronts. These political parties have already formed alliances and alleged to work hand in hand on these fronts.

Then again when one comes to think about the history of most of these parties, one will find that they come from similar origins, born out of personal conflicts, power hunger or difference in opinion. Same old faces from day one, shuffling through the "Party System" of a struggling country.

The country happens to be a Presidential system of government however, with too many elements of a parliamentary system of governance. 

Members of the Parliament (MPs) are elected after a General election where constituencies get to elect their candidates whether it be an independent candidate or a party candidate. When a candidate comes  out with a party ticket, the public goes along with their favored political party and makes sure that the party gets the seat. On rare instances in some constituencies where people do not favor any of the party choices they have, get themselves an independent candidate on their seat. Now these members are elected either cause of their party background or simply cause their political stance go along with the majority. 

Monday, October 24, 2011

Chaos: MDP version of Free Judiciary, if innocent #FreeGhassanNow and the 17-year-old

Ghassan Maumoon, son of Gayoom the long time serving former Dictator/President and current interim President of Progressive Party Maldives (PPM), was detained early this morning by the Maldivian Police Service after he was summoned to the Police Headquarters 'for further questioning', concerning the disturbance that took place around his residence on Thursday.

The mob that gathered around the former Presidents residence were mostly seen as Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), senior figure heads and activists.

What began as an MDP nationwide protest against the Judiciary, which ironically "coincided" with the verdict delivery scheduled in a case filed against their MP Mohamed Musthafaa, requesting his candidacy be invalidated, took a different turn when the mob headed towards the residence of the Former President, Alivaage and Enderimaage. Protest turned from a “Free Judiciary” campaign to a “Bring Gayoom to Justice” protest. Protesters were seen to have verbally harass Gayoom, disrupt peace, damaged property and "terrorize" the neighborhood. 

Monday, August 29, 2011

Have we have elected "Blood suckers" in the name of our people?

They raised their salaries from MRF 4500/- to MRF 18,000/- ... Not enough they say ... They decide that they needed to be paid MRF 42,500/- with an additional bonus of MRF 20,000/- as allowance etc , a total of MRF 62,500/-, to serve the people of Maldives. 

later in December 2010, they come to agree MRF 62,500/- is not just enough a salary for them to make laws in a country that barely has a population of 400000, so they agreed among themselves "lets get an extra MRF 20,000/- ... ummm and we shall call it Committee Allowance".

"Scumbags", "Blood suckers","Opportunists" ... One will call them ... Its indeed Daylight robbery !!! 

With the pressing economic crisis in the country with its people going bankrupt every day, the Parliamentarians we elected are finding themselves enjoying life in Maldives the 'lofty style'. Opening more coffee shops and more businesses with what they seem to call money of welfare funds for their constituencies.

Apparently one very amusing fact here is that they say these earnings they get are earnings of their constituencies (of which they spend on the people) ... wonder how many out of the 77 constituencies in Maldives have been blessed with such 'glee'.

Friday, August 19, 2011

11 things to know about Anna Hazare 'n Jan Lok Pal Bill.. !

1. Who is Anna Hazare?

An ex-army man. Fought 1965 Indo-Pak War

2. What's so special about him?

He built a village Ralegaon Siddhi in Ahamad Nagar district, Maharashtra

3. So what?

This village is a self-sustained model village. Energy is produced in the village itself from solar power, biofuel and wind mills.

In 1975, it used to be a poverty clad village. Now it is one of the richest village in India. It has become a model for self-sustained, eco-friendly & harmonic village.

4. Ok,...?

This guy, Anna Hazare was awarded Padma Bhushan and is a known figure for his social activities.

5. Really, what is he fighting for?

He is supporting a cause, the amendment of a law to curb corruption in India.

Wednesday, May 26, 2010

My Thoughts ... Maldivian Party System; Still no proper laws ...

Tonight while on Twitter I came across a Tweet from Miadhu News (online) a daily News paper in based in Male'. http://www.miadhu.com/2010/05/local-news/pa-membership-drops-less-than-3000/ The News Article was about PA, Peoples Alliance, a registered Political Party in the Maldives.

The site says
Former President’s half-brother, Abdulla Yaameen’s Peoples Alliance membership has dropped less than 3000. According to law each political party would require 3000 signatures before the party can be registered.

It further states that
According to latest statistics by the Elections Commission, PA’s membership total is 2986, 14 members short of legal amount for registration. However, there is no clause in the relevant laws which would disband the party even if they fell short of 3000 members after the party is registered.

What can I say ... We wanted a party system in our country ... today we have a so called Multi-Party democracy. But do we have the necessary laws and regulations for a Multi-party system?? Are we following it right.

Tuesday, May 18, 2010

"Islam and Dhivehi; made optional subjects" - Ministry of Education, Maldives

Back when I was a student in the Center for Higher Secondary Education (CHSE), Islam and Dhivehi were compulsory subjects ... both the subjects were taught twice a week unlike the other subjects which had at least four class per week ... some subjects were there everyday ... I still remember one topic that was taught in Islam in 12th standard "Nidhumuge Aadha thah" Sleeping manners ... I still can't believe that I had to study it in the 12th grade ... LOL ...

Tonight people had gathered around Education Minister Musthafa Luthufee's residence, calling him to reconsider the decision of the Ministry on making Islam and Dhivehi optional subjects for Higher secondary Schools. Both the subjects were formally compulsory for Higher Secondary Schools.

Well ... As a Maldivian and as someone who cares about the education system in Maldives, I think this is a mistake that the Education ministry is doing. Maldives being a 100% Muslim country (as per my knowledge so far) I really think that Islamic Studies should be a must for all students till they complete their High School or Higher Secondary Schooling.

Tuesday, May 4, 2010

My thoughts ... The Education system in Maldives (2) - Deciding future aged 13, is this fair?

Deciding future aged 13, is this fair?

19th November 2002, Day I completed my Primary School at Jamaluddin School, in Male'. I was handed a form to be filled and submitted to my PROMOTED school where I was to complete my O'Levels. It was that same day when I went back home, my Dad tells me "Now you need to decide what STREAM you are going to take in O'levels, either Arts, Business or Science ... and what ever you take choose it wise cause that will be your foundations for what ever you want to be in future"

There I was, a regular normal 13 year boy just as any other in the Maldives, who had to choose his STREAM ... the ticket for his education ... the warranty for his career ... the gateway into his future ... (Hope I made it very dramatic) 

Can a 13 year old decide all this ?? should their PARENTS decide whats best for him?? Are 13year olds 'mature' enough to decide their future?? Can they understand whats best for them at this age?? Will they be aware of the different disciplines of education, and the job scopes?? Is it fair for there parents to choose something for them that they may not like when they grow up??

The education system in Maldives asks students at age of 13 just after they complete their 7th standard to decide a stream for studies at O'levels, which then becomes the foundation stone of their future careers and occupations, is this in anyway fair??

Friday, April 30, 2010

My thoughts ... The Education system in Maldives (1) - Privatization, A road to class differentiation ?

Privatization a road to class differentiation ?

I ended up lucky to have been among the generations in Maldives that went to school with people from all classes, backgrounds and moral standards ... I had the opportunity to go to the same school where the son of the richest man went .... to the school where the daughter of a Ministerial family went ... to the school where the poorest man's son went .... to the school where the ordinary friendly next door neighbor's daughter went ... to the same school where the president sends his children ...

Wonder whether this will be the situation in Maldives in 2030 ???

The government introducing privatization in education system may have benefits, and I must say I fairly do agree to those advantages as any other in the nation. But my thoughts take me to a place where I don't expect most people go into ...

Well, my thinking maybe a bit "radical" or bit too "extreme" as some may put it, but I guess no harm in listening to what a barely 20 year old thinks!

Now there are different levels or standards in PRIVATIZED SCHOOL:

Lets start with the rich guy, now when he takes up a school and runs it, he will bring in quite standard professionals to manage the school, probably from Australia or UK, with the quality service and amazing professional management, comes expensive tuition fees.

Sunday, May 17, 2009

Democracy!! Are we following it?

-Maeed Mohamed Zahir-

Countless years of struggle has achieved new changes! New experiences! New Visions! New Hopes! A new picture!! Struggle has achieved a so-called democracy in the small island nation of Maldives, which we call home. We have achieved a so-called press freedom, the right to speak freely, the very right to express our opinions, the basic right of peaceful assembly, to exercise basic human rights. Definitely we have seen a change. Change is happening. Change is taking place. And change will take its rightful place in due time.

This brings us to a question! Is change itself a good thing or a bad thing? Has change brought democracy? Has change achieved democracy? Or rather the most appropriate question; whether we are following democracy?

Well the constitution says we are! The constitution clearly states that “the Maldives is a sovereign, independent, democratic Republic based on the principles of Islam and is a unitary State”. So are we?

Let’s begin by understanding what democracy really means! The simple pocket dictionary meaning for the term democracy is; ‘government by all people, through elected representatives’. In a democratic form of government, there should be a parliament consisting of representatives elected by the people and this parliament has an important say in the running of the state. In other words Democracy is a system of government in which the people are able to choose by election those who shall govern.

Last October the country held its very first historical Multi-Party Presidential Elections. The election was held with 208,252 eligible voters. Presidential Elections were held in the Maldives on October 8th and the second round on the 28th. Six candidates competed, out of which one was an independent candidate and the remaining five were from five different political parties. On October 8th, no candidate gained more than 50% of the vote; a runoff was held on October 28th between Maumoon Abdul Gayoom of the Dhivehi Raiyithunge Party (DRP) and Mohamed Nasheed of the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP). Nasheed won the election, unseating long time incumbent Gayoom.

The Maldivian parliament, the ‘Peoples Majlis’ has 77 seats. The number of seats have been determined according to; two members for the first five thousand residents registered for each administrative division or two members for administrative divisions with less than five thousand residents; and where the residents registered to an administrative division exceed five thousand residents, one additional member for each group of five thousand residents in excess of the first five thousand.

Just a few days ago, on 9th of May, with approximately 214,405 eligible voters, the first ever Multi-Party Parliamentary Elections was held. So far the provisional result of the parliamentary elections shows that the Dhivehi Raiyithunge Party (DRP) had won 28 seats while the People’s Alliance (PA), which is in a coalition with DRP, had won 7 seats, giving DRP-PA coalition 35 seats at the Majlis. The Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) followed DRP closely with 26 seats, while the Dhivehi Qaumee Party (QDP) candidates had won 2 seats. The Jumhooree Party (JP) also had won 1 seat. Independent candidates won a total of 13 seats.

Well are we following democracy? It looks quite so…

As it is clearly understood that Democracy comes from the people and Democracy is the people, it’s also important that the members elected by the people again for the people should work with the people! Members of the Parliament (MPs) should always represent their constituencies, meaning they should figuratively be servants of the people who elected them to represent the people! It’s important that MPs being elected by the people should listen to the people. Elected MPs should always be available for the people. MPs should be reachable!

However, is this picture that we see today? Out of 77 seats in the parliament, 64 seats have gone to political parties clearly demonstrating that the Maldivians have ultimately turned to party politics.

Yet again a new question arises. Now are party politics democratic? Are the parties themselves democratic? Do the parties have a proper internal democracy? Now if democracy is the people and democracy comes from the people, then political parties in a democracy should also be democratic! How many parties had held national party congresses? Do they have strong internal elections for party leadership? Is the party leadership elected? Or are they self appointed?

We cannot call ourselves a democracy unless all political parties and factions in the country are democratically elected. If MPs make decisions in the parliament after being instructed by a politburo style party council, can we practice what we call democracy?

Let me leave the question open for all of you. Are we following Democracy?

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