tag:blogger.com,1999:blog-35965757680642402222013-05-28T11:34:32.113+05:00Maeed's BlogMaeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.comBlogger195125maeed/lewjhttp://feedburner.google.comtag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-38497694512922062472013-05-26T05:18:00.000+05:002013-05-26T05:26:51.992+05:002013-05-26T05:26:51.992+05:00No clear direction to start with - Maldives 2013<div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> </div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://www.slowlifesymposium.com/files/2011/11/President-Nasheed-feature1.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="clear: left; float: left; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="204" src="http://www.slowlifesymposium.com/files/2011/11/President-Nasheed-feature1.jpg" width="320" /></a></div> <a href="http://www.dhivehisitee.com/images/YameenAbdulGayoomSun.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="clear: left; float: left; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="225" src="http://www.dhivehisitee.com/images/YameenAbdulGayoomSun.jpg" width="320" /></a><br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Elections Commission's Political Party membership statistics update (</span><a href="http://www.elections.gov.mv/index.php?option=com_wrapper&amp;view=wrapper&amp;Itemid=77" style="font-family: inherit;">10.03.2013)</a><span style="font-family: inherit;"> shows that the Maldivian Democratic Party - MDP (45666) and &nbsp;Progressive Party of Maldives - PPM (22383) remains to be the two largest political entities in the country.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">As people Power &nbsp;will be at test in the Maldives this September, political actors seem to be making hasty decisions and&nbsp;announcements, with the majority parties&nbsp;</span>already<span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;having held their primaries, have their Presidential candidates touring the small island state. The yellow and magenta&nbsp;feud&nbsp;seems to be spreading like wildfire in the country while smaller parties coalition one another to get on to a common arena.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Meanwhile, street violence and gang activity in the country is heading towards unimaginable&nbsp;dimensions. &nbsp;</span>Today street violence have exceeded beyond limitation and criminal offences are no longer classified as simple pity crimes. It has very much become a mainstream Male' culture to have cases of stabbing and gang&nbsp;beat-ups&nbsp;everyday.&nbsp;<a href="http://www.haveeru.com.mv/news/49168" style="font-family: inherit;">Statistics shows that over the first four months of the year lawsuits filled in the criminal court increased by 122% compared to the same period last year</a><span style="font-family: inherit;">.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><a href="http://naazu-ge.blogspot.com/">Dr. Aishath Ali Naaz's</a> research on "<a href="http://www.maldivesculture.com/index.php?option=com_content&amp;task=view&amp;id=278&amp;Itemid=42">Gangs of Male</a>'" reported that "...<span style="background-color: white;">&nbsp;gangs are often propped up by actors with political and business interests who readily exploit gangs to achieve their aims. This means that participation in gangs has become an easy path for young people seeking to earn a living—in an environment where many face difficulties in finding employment".&nbsp;</span></span><br /> <a name='more'></a></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><span style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><span style="background-color: white;">Maldives observed last year the brutal murder of a&nbsp;</span></span>Moderate Islamic Scholar and MP, Dr. Afrasheem Ali &nbsp;in what appears to be a planned&nbsp;execution.&nbsp; Though personally I feel he has no political leverage, but of course the standing of a moderate liberal Islamic Scholar, much rare the kind. He had previously been a victim of hate speech and few episodes of attacks by more fundamental "Wahhabists". While the case is unfolding in court it now has&nbsp;assassination&nbsp;funding allegations towards a family member of current MDP Chairperson.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With all the melodrama in town, there is more to the puzzle of atrocities the country will&nbsp;indulge into after the September elections, if what is being&nbsp;</span>accused<span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;is if at all true.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">The largest party in the country led by former (ousted) President Mohamed Nasheed is faced with the local presumption&nbsp;of being in favor of Gays/hippies/atheist/Christians&nbsp;name it, anything that one may feel reluctant to in a very fundamental, conservative Muslim</span><span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;setting. Constant accusations of "sleeping with infidels" Nasheed is also accused for &nbsp;being intoxicated half of the time and weed mongering every other few minutes, yet he seems to continue sail on MDP waters. &nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">On the other hand, infamous Gayoom half brother Abdulla Yameen leads PPM towards what he sees a shore of prosperity and economic bloom. However, this Economist has been presumed to be a mastermind, closer to the drug trade than nation building and has also long time&nbsp;</span>accusations<span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;for being related to Mafia (somehow) and believed to be among the most powerful gang lord's in town. With much "</span>gossip<span style="font-family: inherit;">" of his alleged corrupt activities</span><span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;when managing state institutions and state owned companies he is still the man of the hour at PPM&nbsp;</span>buffets<span style="font-family: inherit;">.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="text-align: center;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="text-align: center;">Not sure where the direction is ...&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">.....</span></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">GULP !!! WHERE DO THE CHILDREN PLAY ??&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">O_O</span></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="font-size: x-small;"><span style="font-family: inherit;">P.S. Thanks&nbsp;@</span>faziiie , for making sense out of this ... :D</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/WQoi0V6r44M" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2013/05/no-clear-direction-to-start-with.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-74060810755069513382013-05-21T00:31:00.000+05:002013-05-21T00:31:04.416+05:002013-05-21T00:31:04.416+05:00A thing or two about "Turquoise" the gem <a href="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Turquoise.pebble.700pix.jpg/240px-Turquoise.pebble.700pix.jpg" style="clear: left; float: left; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" src="http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Turquoise.pebble.700pix.jpg/240px-Turquoise.pebble.700pix.jpg" /></a><br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b>Here is the thing, I seem to be "engulfed" in total "amazement" over the gem "Turquoise". So here is a bit on it :</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> ***</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Turquoise is a beautiful copper-rich stone of varying shades of blue, occasionally interspersed with black lines. The color can vary from sky blue to green, but all shades seem to be popular. Since Turquoise looks good on all skin tones, it has been popular for many years in various forms (including beads, rings, bolo ties, and belt buckles).</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Turquoise has a rich history. It adorned rulers of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, China, and the Aztecs. Its most well-known historical use was to decorate King Tut's burial mask and tomb. It was first introduced to Europe through Turkey, where we believe it got the name "Turquoise," which sounds like French of "Turkey." Turkey does not produce Turquoise, it was just a trading thoroughfare. Wearers of Turquoise were thought to be protected against unnatural death. It was also thought to promote well-being and affluence.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Turquoise is very soft, so should be treated carefully. It should be wiped clean with a soft cloth to remove dirt and dust. Additionally, it should be protected from bright sunlight to prevent color fading. Turquoise is a very affordable stone, which has added to its appeal in fashion jewelry. It is mined widely in the United States, Mexico, Israel, Iran, Afghanistan and China. (Source: <a href="http://www.tqdiamonds.com/">http://www.tqdiamonds.com</a>)</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> ***</div> <b><div style="text-align: justify;"> <b>Astrology:</b></div> </b><div style="text-align: justify;"> Turquoise is also one of the oldest protection stone. This stone is also known as a symbol of wealth and <a name='more'></a>power. Turquoise is a good gift if given to loved ones as this stone will protect them from the negative vibes and bring fortune to them. It is also known as symbol of friendship. The wearer of this stone will receive peace not only for himself but also for the whole family. This stone is good for self realization, and helps to better understand one self. It helps in balancing your emotions. It is a good stone for helping one to bond with spirituality and also helps open the Heat chakra for giving and receiving. Turquoise is a good stone for removing negativity vibrations from a person and also to keep that person protected.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> The Black lined Topaz helps you stay in place of love and connected with others. Wearing it always makes you feel relaxed and provides you a feel at home wherever you are. Turquoise is a stone of truthfulness and it is very important for any person who owns it should take proper care and give proper attention to it. Since ancient times, Turquoise has adorned as jewelry for the Egyptians.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> About Turquoise</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Month: December</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Zodiac: Capricorn, Pisces, Aquarius.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Planet: Jupiter and Venus</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Effects: Muscular strength, Self Realization, Alternative Pain Healing</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-size: x-small;">(Source:&nbsp;</span><a href="http://astrologyandfortune.com/" style="font-size: small;">http://astrologyandfortune.com</a><span style="font-size: x-small;">)</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> ***</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Turquoise is the color of the gem turquoise. It is a slightly greenish shade of cyan. Turquoise is sometimes described as a mixture of pale blue and green. The name comes from the French word for Turkish. (Source: Wikipedia)</div> <br /><div style="text-align: center;"> <a href="http://astrologyandfortune.com/images-website/Gemstones/turquoise-nugget.jpg"><img border="0" src="http://astrologyandfortune.com/images-website/Gemstones/turquoise-nugget.jpg" /></a></div> <br /><div style="text-align: center;"> ;)</div> </div> </div> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/efEfDzKaWs8" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2013/05/a-thing-or-two-about-turquoise-gem.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-63718776880807750892013-04-13T22:55:00.001+05:002013-04-13T23:35:34.316+05:002013-04-13T23:35:34.316+05:00Nonsence ... <span style="font-family: inherit;">Many so seasons passed <o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many emotions to express<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many experiences to learn<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many expectations to await <o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Many so days passed<o:p></o:p></span></div> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many happiness to rejoice<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many actions to forget<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many people to share<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Many so hours passed<o:p></o:p></span></div> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many memories to treasure</span><br /> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many pleasures to remember<o:p></o:p></span></div> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many desires to dream<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Many so seconds passed <o:p></o:p></span></div> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many beats to skip<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many tears to shed<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">With not many joys to fill<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin: 0in 0in 0pt;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Many so seasons <o:p></o:p></span></div> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Many so days<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Many so hours<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Many so seconds<o:p></o:p></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Shall all but pass ….</span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">**********</span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Haven't been blogging for months so here is something to post ... </span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">This was&nbsp; something I wrote on one of those many notepad files on my computer, sometimes when I read them for myself I feel like "boy this is so crappy" ... well either way thought maybe I ll just post it here ...&nbsp;</span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Nonsence ... Nonsence it is indeed ... </span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Cheers :D</span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"></span><br /><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/suMiciBuqFQ" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2013/04/nonsence.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-76876370753484980842013-01-23T14:22:00.000+05:002013-01-23T14:22:24.083+05:002013-01-23T14:22:24.083+05:00The old man sitting on Majeedhee Magu and the unattended generation. <div style="text-align: justify;"> Last evening&nbsp;as I was&nbsp;walking down Majeedhee&nbsp;Magu with a&nbsp;group&nbsp;of friends, I caught my eyes on this old&nbsp;man sitting on the pavement near <em>80 no. Fihaara,</em> as we passed by one of my friends gave him some money... the poor man gave a smile that tells a story...<br /> <br /> This is not the first time, and probably not the last time I will be seeing this man sitting&nbsp;at that same&nbsp;spot on Majeedhee Magu, hoping for someone to lend him&nbsp;a coin or two for a cup of tea and maybe one or two short eats from a nearby <em>sai-hotta.</em></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> &nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Well I am not trying to get your&nbsp;sympathy&nbsp;to this one&nbsp;man&nbsp;on Majeedhee Magu, cause its not only&nbsp;him that is left out and unattended to in the Maldives. For maybe a few seconds try to step out&nbsp;from the bubble we live in and reflect on our situation, ask yourself; How many senior citizens are out there without a warm bed and&nbsp;a decent meal? How many of them even have a place to call home? Where are their families? Whats the concerned Government authorities doing about it? Who is responsible?</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> &nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> I strongly believe, we in the Maldives are not poor. Cannot be!&nbsp;But yes, our people if they are indeed poor, its sadly&nbsp;because of the system we live in. Its either because of careless institutions or irresponsible families. We are not poverty struck and if we really observe the&nbsp;condition in most of the countries around the world, we need to be grateful for our situation. If we are poor, we are poor in our understanding of the concepts of family, and the understanding of social responsibility and societal ethics. <br /> <br /> When the government started to give 2000 Rufiya to all those above 65 years of age, it was perhaps a sign of realization&nbsp;of the government responsibility over its senior citizenry. But with ever&nbsp;emerging&nbsp;high inflation&nbsp;and fluctuating economy, is this a solution? On top of this, there are cases where money sent is not properly delivered to the person its intended to. This is&nbsp;sometimes due to family intervention over the money or because someone at the end of that transaction spends that 2000&nbsp;Ruffiya&nbsp;on something else. <br /> <br /> We are at&nbsp;this stage where we need to build old-age shelters and&nbsp;senior citizen retirement homes for the homeless and unattended.&nbsp;With shattered family morals, and&nbsp;tainted societal values, we are at this junction where everyone has a hectic lifestyle and has not much time to spare for the parents who raised them, spending&nbsp;all their lives and&nbsp;effort&nbsp;to make&nbsp;'people' out&nbsp;of their children. <br /> <br /> Modern lifestyle and way of living contradicts the conservative culture of the older generation, which makes living with grandparents, and sometimes mothers and fathers difficult to the modern Maldivian family today. <br /> <br /> At one stage we agree that we have issues and problems&nbsp;concerning treatment of the older generation&nbsp;and when governments do not spend much on welfare of the Senior Citizenry its becomes a debate of politics, but how many of us are willing to accept and realise our role and individual responsibility&nbsp;in ensuring the&nbsp;well being and welfare of our own parents? <br /> <br /> These are important things we need to talk about and its imperative that we find solutions to these issues. Me, I don't want to be that old man sitting&nbsp;on Majeedhee Magu,&nbsp;say&nbsp;in the next 40-50 years ...</div> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/ZeS0tb-DUDo" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2013/01/the-old-man-sitting-on-majeedhee-magu.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-31298510240618198192013-01-13T03:28:00.000+05:002013-01-13T03:31:36.005+05:002013-01-13T03:31:36.005+05:00Principles and Ground Rules for Dialogue<div style="text-align: justify;"> I was going through one of those 'unsorted stuff box' I have been having for quite sometime, found this interesting book mark that explains (as it says) "Principles and Ground Rules of Dialogue". Been trying to figure out who gave this to me, not very sure, but I guess I must have picked it up from one of those workshops or&nbsp;training&nbsp;I have attended to.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Its not much, simply put and quite helpful if you really read them down.&nbsp;Its worth a share:</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Principles and Ground Rules for Dialogue</div> <br /> <ul> <li style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of dialogue is to understand and to learn from one another; no one can "win" a dialogue.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">All dialogue participants speak for&nbsp;themselves, not as a representative of others" interest.&nbsp;</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">In a dialogue, everyone is treated as an equal; status and stereotypes are left at the door.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Be open and listen to others, especially when you disagree. Suspend judgement.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Identify and test assumptions - even your own.&nbsp;</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Listen carefully and respectfully to the views of other; acknowledge you have heard the other, especially when you disagree.&nbsp;</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Look for common ground.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Express disagreement with ideas, not the personality or motives; disagree without being disagreeable.</li> <li style="text-align: justify;">Respect all points of view.&nbsp;</li> </ul> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Cheers :)&nbsp;</div> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/TK9YNyvhPpw" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2013/01/principles-and-ground-rules-for-dialogue.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-85249496528841711132013-01-12T14:55:00.001+05:002013-01-23T14:24:18.955+05:002013-01-23T14:24:18.955+05:00Save a Mother - Save a Child , Ambulance Launch -1; can it really save lives?<div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: left;"> <a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-nhtptz_qZto/UPEoOL4aIGI/AAAAAAAABao/FZ8akxV_CLQ/s1600/DSC_0037.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="clear: left; float: left; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="424" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-nhtptz_qZto/UPEoOL4aIGI/AAAAAAAABao/FZ8akxV_CLQ/s640/DSC_0037.JPG" width="640" /></a></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> So last night I was fortunate to get a&nbsp;glimpse&nbsp;of 'Ambulance Launch - 1', the mobile sea ambulance which appears to have been either&nbsp;donated&nbsp;or supported by UNICEF, and seems to belong to the Ministry of health and family.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Ones eye will get caught on to a touching quote&nbsp;inscribed on the launch as you pass by it, says "save a mother, save a child". So true, so meaningful and in a way explains the importance of the mobile Ambulance,&nbsp;then again, have a look at it, ask yourself the question; can 'Ambulance Launch - 1' really save a mother?&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> This picture tells a lot about how well the first response services are in the Maldives.&nbsp;It becomes more outrageous&nbsp;when you come to know where this was left at! Not far into the many islands of the Maldives, but at&nbsp;Vilingili (Vilimale'), which is considered administratively as part of Male' City, takes about 7 mins (max) on a ferry from the island of Male'.&nbsp;</div> <br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> I came to understand from the locals, that it has been on that jetty for so very long and no one actually &nbsp;has bothered about it. Just by looking at it, I can be sure that it is in no condition for use, at least not until thousands of dollars be spent on repair.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Its important to reflect on some of these questions, Is it really effective for donor agencies and&nbsp;financial&nbsp;supporters to invest in the Maldives? Is this what they were hoping for? Is this what the people in Maldives expect from their government, which ever it be? Who is responsible? What are the consequences? Who is to be at lose here? How many more Ambulance Launches are out there on how many jetties in how many Islands?</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Before we go about calling "Gaumah takaa, Dheenah Takaa" there are much more serious issues we need to attend to. Call for a "one nation", a more responsible one, that is corruption free and one that is more&nbsp;considerate towards its people.</div> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/63hu8mOJ3tg" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2013/01/save-mother-save-child-ambulance-launch.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-72717682942431263492012-07-30T10:55:00.001+05:002012-07-30T10:55:59.409+05:002012-07-30T10:55:59.409+05:00iWitness: Angry rider, Confrontation and Custody<div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-fwFZIXnJpk8/UBYSun13dMI/AAAAAAAABVI/_UvcIYp96zY/s1600/DSC_0391.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-fwFZIXnJpk8/UBYSun13dMI/AAAAAAAABVI/_UvcIYp96zY/s400/DSC_0391.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-jqHJYlHj4Do/UBYTBT0O8eI/AAAAAAAABVQ/ZocPm5SS0r4/s1600/DSC_0392.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-jqHJYlHj4Do/UBYTBT0O8eI/AAAAAAAABVQ/ZocPm5SS0r4/s400/DSC_0392.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/--mLGK1jYSvg/UBYTCvT7kYI/AAAAAAAABVY/IM_h79t0YN0/s1600/DSC_0393.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/--mLGK1jYSvg/UBYTCvT7kYI/AAAAAAAABVY/IM_h79t0YN0/s400/DSC_0393.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-KBbfGNe70mI/UBYUh2qBC6I/AAAAAAAABWE/j1OMTh4MNtk/s1600/DSC_0398.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-KBbfGNe70mI/UBYUh2qBC6I/AAAAAAAABWE/j1OMTh4MNtk/s400/DSC_0398.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2IQCTYv2dMM/UBYUjIlgHRI/AAAAAAAABWM/aXZnNUH-uOw/s1600/DSC_0399.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2IQCTYv2dMM/UBYUjIlgHRI/AAAAAAAABWM/aXZnNUH-uOw/s400/DSC_0399.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <a name='more'></a><br /> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2X7EjOVVqGc/UBYUlFbgPBI/AAAAAAAABWU/X98gE38DKdQ/s1600/DSC_0400.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2X7EjOVVqGc/UBYUlFbgPBI/AAAAAAAABWU/X98gE38DKdQ/s400/DSC_0400.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Nv3Ul7QFpg0/UBYUmjFlb1I/AAAAAAAABWc/_5GIBD32cBY/s1600/DSC_0401.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Nv3Ul7QFpg0/UBYUmjFlb1I/AAAAAAAABWc/_5GIBD32cBY/s400/DSC_0401.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-c0P9BZyIa9o/UBYbuULa_HI/AAAAAAAABXE/SmS7WiGvC4k/s1600/DSC_0404.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-c0P9BZyIa9o/UBYbuULa_HI/AAAAAAAABXE/SmS7WiGvC4k/s400/DSC_0404.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-7OQk2_Bkk_0/UBYbxNG86ZI/AAAAAAAABXM/8FxnZ0nH-Fw/s1600/DSC_0406.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-7OQk2_Bkk_0/UBYbxNG86ZI/AAAAAAAABXM/8FxnZ0nH-Fw/s400/DSC_0406.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-82R4qK5CfEc/UBYbyQSM93I/AAAAAAAABXU/y4N-LF-uSJQ/s1600/DSC_0407.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-82R4qK5CfEc/UBYbyQSM93I/AAAAAAAABXU/y4N-LF-uSJQ/s400/DSC_0407.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-MXZ1_aQB_No/UBYbztEoKkI/AAAAAAAABXc/b87GqZcBWCA/s1600/DSC_0408.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-MXZ1_aQB_No/UBYbztEoKkI/AAAAAAAABXc/b87GqZcBWCA/s400/DSC_0408.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Azxr_V6Y69E/UBYb2D4C24I/AAAAAAAABXk/wZrhqMgnjNI/s1600/DSC_0410.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Azxr_V6Y69E/UBYb2D4C24I/AAAAAAAABXk/wZrhqMgnjNI/s400/DSC_0410.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-tlXKdloTadA/UBYb4lL9wjI/AAAAAAAABXs/1XdM5LxNEg4/s1600/DSC_0411.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-tlXKdloTadA/UBYb4lL9wjI/AAAAAAAABXs/1XdM5LxNEg4/s400/DSC_0411.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-YNMj87OtWeI/UBYb5xhod8I/AAAAAAAABX0/k9swtHyqeU4/s1600/DSC_0413.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-YNMj87OtWeI/UBYb5xhod8I/AAAAAAAABX0/k9swtHyqeU4/s400/DSC_0413.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-7BT9ll4rjt8/UBYcL0OQ3pI/AAAAAAAABX8/Zwc2rQhQ5Ec/s1600/DSC_0415.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-7BT9ll4rjt8/UBYcL0OQ3pI/AAAAAAAABX8/Zwc2rQhQ5Ec/s400/DSC_0415.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-NvcKlsxDl_4/UBYcNROapAI/AAAAAAAABYE/3ndEV4dQCKI/s1600/DSC_0416.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="266" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-NvcKlsxDl_4/UBYcNROapAI/AAAAAAAABYE/3ndEV4dQCKI/s400/DSC_0416.JPG" width="400" /></a></div> <br /><div> <br /></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/TK5D0P81UqE" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/07/iwitness-angry-rider-confrontation-and.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-20654566210831862732012-07-13T18:45:00.003+05:002012-07-13T18:45:57.089+05:002012-07-13T18:45:57.089+05:00Maldivians and their Constitution – a story from History<br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-e38PFzR1iag/UAAmYmTO_4I/AAAAAAAABU4/KdV8EBqRxDI/s1600/30D0-F-2391-9788120617315.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="clear: right; float: right; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-left: 1em;"><img border="0" height="200" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-e38PFzR1iag/UAAmYmTO_4I/AAAAAAAABU4/KdV8EBqRxDI/s200/30D0-F-2391-9788120617315.jpg" width="200" /></a></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: left;"> <span style="background-color: white; text-align: justify;">Historian T. W. Hockly writes about the historical events that took place on 2</span><sup style="background-color: white; text-align: justify;">nd</sup><span style="background-color: white; text-align: justify;"> October 1934, the necessitated dethronement of the Sultan by the people of Maldives in accordance with Article 51 of the Maldivian Constitution.</span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> “<i>It appears that the Minister of Home Affairs, Muhammad Farid Didi Effendi, who is also the Prime Minister of the Maldive Islands, was informed that certain persons were convening secret meetings which has as their object the destruction of the New Constitution inaugurated in December 1934.<o:p></o:p></i></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <i>Warrants were issued for the arrest of four persons in this respect. It was learned from the arrested persons that there were others involved in the plot to destroy the Constitution. It was further alleged that among these others were four servants of Prince Hassan Izzudin, the son of the Sultan. Apparently the Prince had interested himself on behalf of certain individuals who had previously been deported. <o:p></o:p></i></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <i>When officials of the Ministry of Home Affairs attempted to arrest the four servants of the Prince the later refused to allow their arrest. He is said to have come out with his father, the Sultan, and to have informed the officials and the people gathered together that if the servants were arrested they would have also to arrest the Sultan and himself. It is stated that the Prince then cried out asking whether they wanted the</i> <i>Constitution or his father and himself. The People replied that they wanted the Constitution. <o:p></o:p></i></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <i>Steps were taken to effect the dethronement of the Sultan. <o:p></o:p></i></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <i>The ‘Revolution’ was of an entirely bloodless character, I understand, and was not followed by any disorder.”</i></div> <a name='more'></a><i><o:p></o:p></i><br /> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> Writes Hockly, in his Author’s Note to the book; ‘<i>The Two Thousand Isles – A short account of the people, history and customs of the Maldive Archipelago</i>’.</div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> The Sultan was dethroned after an uninterrupted reign of over thirty one years. </div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> Like any other story of the past, there are those Historians who will argue that the Prince was framed by the Prime Minister; say by a coup, after the dethronement, the Members of the Cabinet sought the responsibility to administer the country until the appointment of a successor. Only to have Abdul Majid Didi appointed as successor who was more a symbolic Sultan of a country that was administered by a Council of Ministers of course with Muhammad Farid Didi Effendi as a Prime Minister. </div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> However, looking back at events from our not very distant past, we understand that the people in Maldives have always considered Constitution an important element of governance. Good Governance can only be achieved in a Constitution conscious society. </div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/6nHLHp8K5cM" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/07/maldivians-and-their-constitution-story.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-43893106062968412302012-07-12T14:19:00.000+05:002012-07-12T14:20:31.571+05:002012-07-12T14:20:31.571+05:00Awkward Male’ – 10Rf please… actually 20Rf<div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="background-color: white;">So it was a random evening, neither late into the night nor that early into the evening. I found myself in one of those many pharmacies right in front of ADK Hospital on </span><i style="background-color: white;">Sosun Magu</i><span style="background-color: white;">. As I approached the counter, I received the typical foreign pharmacist grin, the mustache wink (you know what I mean), I am not sure whether he is Indian or Bangladeshi, I asked him for a particular tablet, and then someone tapped me on the back.</span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> Turned around in a reflex, stood a young gentleman of average height, mid 20s wouldn’t say 30, bearded but not “Bearded” in you know what fashion. On sight one would observe two distinct features of this gentleman, 1- He seemed in a hurry as if he has to run a marathon, and 2- He was under the influence of some sort of intoxicate. </div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> “Sir, can you please give me 10Rf? I need to get a medicine” he said in a trembling voice. </div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> The foreign pharmacist gave me a serious look and then shook his head in a motion which I am to take as “don’t give”.</div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> “Sir please I only need a 10Rf to get the medicine, please help” he continued.</div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> “I have only got a 100Rf note, I don’t have a separate 10Rf” I told him.</div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> “Why don’t you get change from the pharmacist?” he asked. </div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> Well, frankly I didn’t know what to do. Avoiding this gentleman may be wrong in two possible ways. 1- He might be actually missing a 10Rf to buy the medicine or 2- He might be associated with some sort of gang and/or might as well have a sharp object ready to strike. </div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> Not wanting to take any risks, I asked the pharmacist for a change of 100Rf, I got the change in one 50RF, two 20Rfs and one 10RF, I gave the gentleman the note of 10Rf, and then he says,</div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> “Actually its 20Rf, can you please give me a 20 also?”</div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> “This is all I have, sorry” I walked out as fast as I can. </div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> I spent three years in India and I have met many beggars, I have actually seen the different varieties and classes of beggars India has to offer. Never did I meet someone in the state I found the gentleman in and never did I feel threatened by one.</div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: center;"> O_o&nbsp;</div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/XpEv_LCOPGU" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/07/awkward-male-10rf-please-actually-20rf.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-57176360368715834512012-06-02T22:22:00.001+05:002012-06-02T22:50:34.962+05:002012-06-02T22:50:34.962+05:00Lost ...<div style="text-align: left;"> </div> <div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">On a cold December I met an angel,&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">on a journey to the crown of palaces,&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">Railroads bonded an affection,&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">o</span><span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">nly to be lost for circumstance ...</span></div> <div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">***</span></div> <div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: x-small;"><span style="line-height: 18px;"><br /></span></span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px;">Love I thought possible,&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px;">life I thought settled ...</span></div> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px;">Never will we loose,&nbsp;</span></div> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">I thought commitment ...</span><br /> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: x-small;"><span style="line-height: 18px;"><br /></span></span></div> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">***</span><br /> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;"><br /></span><br /> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">Sadly it was only I,&nbsp;</span><br /> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">who thought affection&nbsp;</span><br /> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;"><br /></span><br /> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">***</span><br /> <br /> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px;">I sleep only to run away,&nbsp;</span></div> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">But I shall face again reality as sun warms up.&nbsp;</span><br /> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">I weep for my misfortune,&nbsp;</span><br /> <span style="background-color: white; font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px; text-align: left;">But courage I seek from the day ahead ...&nbsp;</span><br /> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: x-small;"><span style="line-height: 18px;"><br /></span></span></div> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="font-family: 'lucida grande', tahoma, verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size: x-small;"><span style="line-height: 18px;"><br /></span></span></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/5ivnklPXQ68" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/06/lost.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-56860373743172368282012-05-03T16:59:00.002+05:002012-05-03T17:00:32.736+05:002012-05-03T17:00:32.736+05:00Evaluation of physico-chemical characteristics of groundwater of Sindhuvalli Village, Mysore District<br /> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"> </div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: large;"><b><u><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;">EVALUATION OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GROUNDWATER OF&nbsp;</span></u></b><b style="text-align: justify;"><u><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;">SINDHUVALLI VILLAGE - MYSORE DISTRICT</span></u></b></span></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-size: large;"><b style="text-align: justify;"><u><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;"><br /></span></u></b></span></div> <br /> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 115%;">A dissertation report submitted to Dept. Environmental science, Yuvaraja’s college (autonomous)<o:p></o:p></span></i></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%;"><br /></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 14pt; line-height: 115%;"><br /></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;">MAEED M. ZAHIR - EMMANUEL .C - FIDAAD JALEEL</span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: center;"> <i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Class 2012 - VI Sem - Bachelor of Science (CEnEr) <o:p></o:p></span></i></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;"><span style="font-size: x-small;"><b>DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE</b></span><span style="font-size: small; font-style: italic; font-weight: bold;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;"><span style="font-size: x-small;">YUVARAJA’S COLLEGE</span><span style="font-size: small; font-weight: bold;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 115%;"><i><br /></i></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;">UNIVERSITY OF MYSORE<span style="font-size: medium;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; line-height: 115%;"><span style="font-size: x-small;">April 2012</span><span style="font-size: small;"><o:p></o:p></span></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: 19px; line-height: 21px;"><b><u><br /></u></b></span></span></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: 19px; line-height: 21px;"><b>- - - -</b></span></span></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="font-size: 19px; line-height: 21px;"><b><u><br /></u></b></span></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">INTRODUCTION<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Groundwater is a precious and the most widely distributed resource of the earth and unlike any other mineral resource, it gets annual replenishment from the meteoric precipitation. The worlds total water resources are estimated at 1.37 x 10<sup>8 </sup>Million hectares (ha-m). Of these global water resources about 97.2% is salt water mainly in oceans, and only 2.8% is available as Fresh water. Out of the 2.8%, 2.2% is available as surface water and 0.6% as groundwater. Even out of this 2.2% of surface water, 2.15% is fresh water in glaciers and ice caps and only of the order of 0.01% (1.36x10<sup>4</sup> M ha-m) is available in lakes and reservoirs and 0.0001% in streams. Out of 0.6% of stored groundwater, only about 0.3% (41.1 x 10<sup>4</sup> M ha-m) can be economically extracted with the present drilling technology, the remaining is unavailable as it is below 800 m.</span></div> <a name='more'></a><o:p></o:p><br /> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Thus groundwater is the largest source of fresh water on the planet excluding the glaciers and the ice caps. The amount of groundwater within 800m from the ground surface is 30 times the amount of all fresh water lakes and reservoirs and about 3000 times the amount in stream channel at any one time. <o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">At present nearly one fifth of all the water used in the world is obtained from groundwater resources. Agriculture is the greatest user of water accounting for 80% of all consumptions. It takes, roughly speaking, 1000 tons of water to grow 1 ton of grain, and 2000 tons to grow one ton of rice. Animal husbandry and flasheries all require abundant water. Some 15% of world’s crop land is irrigated. The present irrigated area in India is 60 million hectares (M ha). Of this 40% is from ground water (H.M. Ragunhath, 2007).<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Knowledge on hydrochemistry of groundwater is essential for understanding its suitability and optimum usage for domestic, industrial and agricultural purposes.&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">AIM AND OBJECTIVE<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">This project was undertaken by (three) Environmental Science Students of Yuvaraja’s College, University of Mysore, to evaluate and asses the quality of groundwater for drinking purpose of Sindhuvalli Village, Mysore District.</span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">STUDY AREA<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-dVdxeyxtKPI/T6JuOQGhBGI/AAAAAAAABSM/OlTu6eoqRe8/s1600/photo+(3).JPG" imageanchor="1" style="clear: right; float: right; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-left: 1em;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-dVdxeyxtKPI/T6JuOQGhBGI/AAAAAAAABSM/OlTu6eoqRe8/s320/photo+(3).JPG" width="291" /></a><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">The Study area is located in <b>Sindhuval</b>l<b>i</b>, it is one of the villages in Mysore Taluk , Mysore District , Karnataka State. Sindhuvalli is 13 km distance from its District Main City Mysore and 135 km distance from its State Main City Bangalore. It’s Neighbouring villages are <b><i>Kadakola </i></b>(3.1 k.m.),<b><i> Udbur </i></b>(4.8 k.m.), <b><i>Thandavapura</i></b> (5.4 k.m.), <b><i>Maraluru</i></b> (6.5 k.m.), <b><i>Srirampura</i></b> (6.5 k.m.). Nearby towns are <b><i>Nanjangud</i></b> (9.7 k.m.), <b><i>Tirumakudal-Narsipur</i></b> (29.8 k.m.), <b><i>Heggadadevankote</i></b> (35.5 k.m.), <b><i>Krishnarajanagara</i></b> (38.5 k.m.).<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">The village has a population of over 2000 people. One of the main sources of water for villagers is through bore wells. Villagers opt to drink straight from the bore-wells; no water treatment is carried out except boiling for drinking purpose.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Study area maps:</span></b></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <b><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-JQj8qP-UQ7U/T6Ju-pMbwLI/AAAAAAAABSU/gnIBD2OAigU/s1600/Screenshot+from+2012-05-03+17:09:58.png" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-JQj8qP-UQ7U/T6Ju-pMbwLI/AAAAAAAABSU/gnIBD2OAigU/s1600/Screenshot+from+2012-05-03+17:09:58.png" /></a></b></div> <table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-hD35__NGPCE/T6JvOstYU9I/AAAAAAAABSc/HPtMs-DUl3Q/s1600/Screenshot+from+2012-05-01+18:44:27.png" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-hD35__NGPCE/T6JvOstYU9I/AAAAAAAABSc/HPtMs-DUl3Q/s320/Screenshot+from+2012-05-01+18:44:27.png" width="289" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;">Figure 2</span><span style="font-size: small;">: Bore well locations in the village</span></td></tr> </tbody></table> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; page-break-after: avoid; text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><b><br /></b></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">MATERIALS AND METHODS<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">For the present study, during April 2012, 5 groundwater samples were collected from bore wells into &nbsp;pre-cleaned plastic sampling bottles (1 litre capacity), after pumping out water for about 10 minutes to remove stagnant water from the bore wells.&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Electrical Conductance and pH were measured in the field using digital pH meter. <o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Chemical analysis of the water samples were carried out at Yuvaraja’s College, Environmental Science Laboratory. During the chemical analysis, Calcium (Ca<sup>2+ </sup>) and Magnesium (Mg<sup>2+ </sup>) were analyzed titrimetrically using standard Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA).&nbsp; Na<sup>+</sup> and K<sup>+ </sup>were determined by flame photometry.&nbsp; HCO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup> and Cl<sup>-</sup> were estimated using acid titration method.&nbsp; SO<sub>4</sub><sup>2-</sup> was determined using Nephlometer.&nbsp; NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup> was determined by titrimetric method using FAS (Ferric Ammonium Sulphate). Total Hardness (T H) was also calculated, TDS, EC and pH parameters were measured using the digital pH meter. <o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">RESULTS AND DISCUSSION<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Table of results</span></i></b><i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">:<o:p></o:p></span></i></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Table 1. Physico-chemical characteristics of the groundwater <o:p></o:p></span></div> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="MsoNormalTable" style="border-collapse: collapse; margin-left: 3.9pt; text-align: justify; width: 650px;"> <tbody> <tr style="height: 33.45pt; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes; mso-yfti-irow: 0;"> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 46.5pt;" width="62"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Sample No.<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">pH<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">EC<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 31.5pt;" width="42"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">TH<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">TDS<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Ca<sup>2-<o:p></o:p></sup></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Mg<sup>2+<o:p></o:p></sup></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Na<sup>+<o:p></o:p></sup></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 27.0pt;" width="36"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">K<sup>+<o:p></o:p></sup></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">HCO<sub>3</sub><sup>-<o:p></o:p></sup></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">SO4<sup>2-<o:p></o:p></sup></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 38.1pt;" width="51"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Cl<sup>-<o:p></o:p></sup></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: none; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; height: 33.45pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 33.95pt;" width="45"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-<o:p></o:p></sup></span></b></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 30.2pt; mso-yfti-irow: 1;"> <td style="background: white; border: none; height: 30.2pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 46.5pt;" width="62"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border: none; height: 30.2pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">6.86<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border: none; height: 30.2pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1262<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 31.5pt;" width="42"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">420<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">898<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">265.67<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">145.66<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">77<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 27.0pt;" width="36"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">80<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">360<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">23<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 38.1pt;" width="51"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">120<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 33.95pt;" width="45"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">671.6<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 30.2pt; mso-yfti-irow: 2;"> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 46.5pt;" width="62"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">2<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">7.27<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">644<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 31.5pt;" width="42"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">200<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">457<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">60.00<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">67.63<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">27<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 27.0pt;" width="36"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Nil<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">480<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">29<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 38.1pt;" width="51"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">140<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 33.95pt;" width="45"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">64.4<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 30.2pt; mso-yfti-irow: 3;"> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 46.5pt;" width="62"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">3<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">7.07<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">713<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 31.5pt;" width="42"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">200<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">510<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">85.73<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">52.02<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">40<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 27.0pt;" width="36"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Nil<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">400<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">20<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 38.1pt;" width="51"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">280<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 33.95pt;" width="45"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">524.4<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 30.2pt; mso-yfti-irow: 4;"> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 46.5pt;" width="62"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">4<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">6.72<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">2.36<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 31.5pt;" width="42"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">490<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1.67<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">222.89<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">119.65<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">145<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 27.0pt;" width="36"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">70<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">340<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">34<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 38.1pt;" width="51"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">300<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 33.95pt;" width="45"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">432.4<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 30.2pt; mso-yfti-irow: 5; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes;"> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 46.5pt;" width="62"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">5<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">6.73<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">2.40<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 31.5pt;" width="42"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">580<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1.68<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">188.60<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">187.28<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">146<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 27.0pt;" width="36"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">185<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 40.5pt;" width="54"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">350<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: .5in;" width="48"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">30<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 38.1pt;" width="51"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">257<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 30.2pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: black; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 33.95pt;" width="45"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">763.6<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> </tbody></table> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Table 2. Assessment of the suitability of the groundwater of the study area for drinking purposes<o:p></o:p></span></div> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="MsoNormalTable" style="border-collapse: collapse; margin-left: 3.9pt; text-align: justify; width: 629px;"> <tbody> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes; mso-yfti-irow: 0;"> <td style="background: white; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <a href="http://draft.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=3596575768064240222" name="OLE_LINK2"></a><a href="http://draft.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=3596575768064240222" name="OLE_LINK1"><b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Parameters<o:p></o:p></span></b></a></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 115.65pt;" width="154"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Range<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 102.6pt;" width="137"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">WH0(2011 &amp;1993)<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">US-EPA (2002)<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-top: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">BIS<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">(1991)<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 19.35pt; mso-yfti-irow: 1;"> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 19.35pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <br /></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 19.35pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 115.65pt;" width="154"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <br /></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 19.35pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 102.6pt;" width="137"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <br /></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 19.35pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <br /></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 19.35pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <br /></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 2;"> <td style="background: white; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">pH<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">6.72 – 7.27<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">6.5 - 8.5<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">6.5 - 9.2<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">6.5 -8.5<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 3;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">EC(μs/cm)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">644µs – 2.40ms<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1400<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">-<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">-<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 4;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">TH(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">200 – 580<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">500<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">-<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">-<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 5;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">TDS(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1.68 – 898<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1000<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1500<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">2000<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 6;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Ca<sup>2+</sup>(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">60 - 265.67 <o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">200<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">200<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">200<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 7;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Mg<sup>2+</sup>(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">52.02 – 187.28<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">50<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">150<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">100<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 8;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Na<sup>+</sup>(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">27 – 146<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">200<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">200<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">-<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 9;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">K<sup>+</sup>(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">70 – 185<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">12<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">25<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">-<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 10;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">HCO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">340 – 480<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">-<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">600<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">600<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 11;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">SO<sub>4</sub><sup>2-</sup>(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">20 – 34<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">250<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">400<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">400<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 12;"> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">Cl<sup>-</sup>(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">120 – 300<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">250<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">250<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; height: 34.65pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">1000<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height: 34.65pt; mso-yfti-irow: 13; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes;"> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 103.5pt;" width="138"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>(mg/L)<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td colspan="2" style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 133.75pt;" width="178"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">64.4 – 763.6<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 84.5pt;" width="113"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">50<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 76.0pt;" width="101"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">50<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> <td style="background: white; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border: none; height: 34.65pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-pattern: solid white; mso-shading: windowtext; padding: 0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; width: 74.15pt;" width="99"><div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">-<o:p></o:p></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr height="0"> <td style="border: none;" width="138"></td> <td style="border: none;" width="154"></td> <td style="border: none;" width="24"></td> <td style="border: none;" width="113"></td> <td style="border: none;" width="101"></td> <td style="border: none;" width="99"></td> </tr> </tbody></table> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 9pt; line-height: 150%;">WHO: Word health organization; US-EPA: United States environmental protection agency;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; BIS:&nbsp; Bureau of Indian standards;.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; * If so42- is &lt;= 250, then mg2+ &gt;30 &lt;100 mg/l will be considered as permissible limit.<o:p></o:p></span></i></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 8pt; line-height: 150%;"><br /></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Results and discussion:<o:p></o:p></span></i></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">In the total five samples, two samples are exceeding with calcium values when compared with the WHO (World Health Organization) standards. Calcium occurs most commonly in sedimentary rocks in the minerals calcite, dolomite and gypsum. It also occurs in igneous and metamorphic rocks chiefly in the silicate minerals. <o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">With respect to Magnesium, all the samples are exceeding WHO standards. This shows the water is hard and not much suitable for drinking without water treatment. <o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">A large number of minerals contain magnesium, for example dolomite. Magnesium is washed from rocks and subsequently ends up in water. Magnesium has many different purposes and consequently may end up in water in many different ways. Chemical industries add magnesium to plastics and other materials as a fire protection measure or as filler. It also ends up in the environment from fertilizer application and from cattle feed.</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"> </span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Human body contains about 25 g of magnesium, of which 60% is present in the bones and 40% is present in muscles and other tissue. Magnesium and calcium often perform the same functions within the human body and are generally antagonistic. There are no known cases of magnesium poisoning. At large oral doses magnesium may cause vomiting and diarrhea.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">In all samples, Potassium exceeds WHO standard, this may be due to infiltration of Potash used in fertilizers. Adverse health effects due to potassium consumption from drinking-water are unlikely to occur in healthy individuals. Potassium intoxication by ingestion is rare, because potassium is rapidly excreted in the absence of pre-existing kidney damage and because large single doses usually induce vomiting (Gosselin, Smith &amp; Hodge,1984).<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Three samples are exceeding in Chloride content. This enrichment of chloride is attributed by both natural and anthropogenic sources, such as run-off containing road de-icing salts, the use of inorganic fertilizers, landfill leachates, septic tank effluents, animal feeds, industrial effluents and irrigation drainage. Chloride increases the electrical conductivity of water and thus increases its corrosivity.</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"> C</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">hloride toxicity has not been observed in humans except in the special case of impaired sodium chloride metabolism, e.g. in congestive heart failure.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">All five samples are exceeding in Nitrite content. Nitrate can reach both surface water and groundwater as a consequence of agricultural activity (including excess application of inorganic nitrogenous fertilizers and manures), from wastewater treatment and from oxidation of nitrogenous waste products in human and animal excreta, including septic tanks. Höring &amp; Schiller (1987), Sauerbrey &amp; Andree (1988), and van Maanen et al. (1994) found that inorganic nitrate in drinking-water is a manifested factor of endemic goiter (swelling in the thyroid gland).</span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;"><br /></span></div> <table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-6ifkuXFe-WA/T6JvdnlyyGI/AAAAAAAABSk/GarhJR5h7oY/s1600/photo+(2).JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-6ifkuXFe-WA/T6JvdnlyyGI/AAAAAAAABSk/GarhJR5h7oY/s400/photo+(2).JPG" width="400" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;">Figure&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: small;">4</span><span style="font-size: small;">: Children use bore wells</span></td></tr> </tbody></table> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <blockquote class="tr_bq"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;"><i>CONCLUSION</i></span></b></div> <b><i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;"></span></i></b><br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> </div> <b><i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;"> </span><div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: small;"><span style="line-height: 150%;">By comparing all the values of the physico-chemical parameters with WHO standards, it is evident that these bore well samples are not suitable for drinking without treatment of water. We&nbsp;</span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;"><span style="line-height: 24px;">recommend</span></span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: small;"><span style="line-height: 150%;">&nbsp;authorities to insure that safe drinking water is provided to the inhabitants of the village. It is essential that water be purified (Reverse osmosis technology) before used for drinking purpose etc. Further assessments need to be carried out in the area with more bore-well samples and study.&nbsp;</span></span></div> </i></b></blockquote> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <b><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">References:<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">H.M Ragunanth (2007), <i>Ground Water</i> , Third Edition, New Age International (P) Ltd.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">Dr. Rajashekhara Shetty (2009), <i>An Analysis of World Resources with reference to India</i>, SARALA RAJ, RIA publishers. <o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">WHO (2007), <i>Nitrate and nitrite in drinking-water, Background document for development of<o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality</span></i><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">, World Health Organization (Research paper)<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">WHO (2009), <i>Potassium in Drinking-water, Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality</i>, World Health Organization (Research paper)<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">WHO (2003), <i>Chloride in Drinking-water, Background document for development WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality</i>, World Health Organization (Research paper)<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;">&nbsp;Yuvraja's College, University of Mysore Environment Science Research and Lab procedures.&nbsp;</span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%;"><b>- - - - -</b></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/W_1P2AVwIyg" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/05/evaluation-of-physico-chemical.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-9806014718683242112012-03-23T02:36:00.001+05:002012-03-23T02:51:00.288+05:002012-03-23T02:51:00.288+05:00We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence!<div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://wondrouspics.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/mlk0031.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="350" src="http://wondrouspics.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/mlk0031.jpg" width="400" /></a></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> Nobel Peace Prize laureate, and civil rights hero, Martin Luther King, Jr., on that August 1963, at&nbsp;Lincoln&nbsp;Memorial,&nbsp;Washington&nbsp;D.C.&nbsp;delivered&nbsp;one of the worlds most admirable&nbsp;speeches of all time.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> A speech&nbsp;that echoed across freedom movements in every corner of the world.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <i><br /></i></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <i>"I have a dream"</i> he said. Yet he cautioned;</div> <div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> </div> <div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <b><i>"...In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy out thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high planes of dignity and&nbsp;discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force...</i>"</b></div> </div> <div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> </div> <div> <div style="text-align: center;"> An advice worth remembering at this difficult time for Maldives as a Nation.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <blockquote class="tr_bq"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <b>I strongly condemn violence taking place in the Maldives.</b>&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center;"> Whether it be Police Brutality,&nbsp;isolated&nbsp;and/or organised attacks on Policemen.&nbsp;Whether it be by activists of Political divisions in the County. Or by random thugs taking advantage of the current political instability in the Country. I am Against any form of Violence !!</div> </blockquote> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/936_FYNdkCE" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/03/we-must-not-allow-our-creative-protest.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-91117837548833216112012-03-06T00:19:00.000+05:002012-03-06T17:47:33.208+05:002012-03-06T17:47:33.208+05:00Yes we need an Election!!!<div style="text-align: center;"> <table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-i7ByK2SAyF4/T1ThNP8wUqI/AAAAAAAABNk/jMJ2ubrRiaA/s1600/2983067155_2a2e0ff180.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-i7ByK2SAyF4/T1ThNP8wUqI/AAAAAAAABNk/jMJ2ubrRiaA/s400/2983067155_2a2e0ff180.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Victory for the People - Flickr Photo: enwiie</td></tr> </tbody></table> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><b><i>"Kratos Demos - Power to the People " ... Simple and unambiguous.</i></b>&nbsp;</span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Joseph A. Schumpeter, the famous Austrian-Hungarian-American economist and political scientist, describes in short the Classical&nbsp;Doctrine of Democracy in his book <i>Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy</i> as:</span><br /> <blockquote class="tr_bq"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><i>"The Democratic method is that institutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions which realizes the common good by making the people itself decide issues through the election of individuals who are assembled in order to carry out its will."</i></span></blockquote> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Democracy is in theory simple and&nbsp;justifiable, let the people choose and let the people decide.&nbsp;</span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">In the Maldives we are very new to this concept. In fact we can come to a&nbsp;conclusion&nbsp;to say that we are an infant nation when it comes to&nbsp;democracy, social, civil and human rights; pillars&nbsp;necessary&nbsp;for a people State.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">We came up with &nbsp;a new constitution to support a democratic nation. We got rid of a long serving President, who dictated a nation for 30 long years. We, for the first time had the freedom to establish and participate in Political Parties. We struggled and we achieved the right of Freedom of expression and freedom of peaceful Assembly. We held the very first Multi-Party Elections in the country. Yes we did that all.</span><br /> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Unlike other countries, who struggled for generations and shed blood for their cause we were lucky to embrace democracy the easy way and yes it was a miracle.&nbsp;But with the new freedoms and gift of democracy did we have the necessary felicitous institutions, organizations and people ?? Have we made the right choices?? Is the Nation progressing or heading further back down in the drain??</span><br /> <br /> As of now we are still struggling. Struggling to get back on our feet as a nation. And what we seriously need now is an overhaul in the system. Especially the Judiciary!!<br /> <a name='more'></a><br /> Today in the Maldives we are witnessing what some Political experts have come to say a 'unique Coup'. Earlier last month President Mohmaed Nasheed was forced out of office after a Police Mutiny. Today he has established that he was indeed thrown out of office metaphorically on gunpoint. His party Maldivian Democratic Party - MDP (the largest Political party as of number) and his supporters stand by him and is willing to do what ever it takes to bring an end to what they accuse an illegal government.<br /> <br /> On the other hand there is a fair number of Pro-Government supporters on new President Dr. Mohamed Waheed's side, a coalition of all major Political Parties and an allied civil society network that now go by the name 23 December Alliance.<br /> <br /> The game is between Nasheed's MDP and all remaining Political factions in the country. Irony here is that 3 years back it was Gayoom in one side and every other Political party on the other side. Interesting it is, to see that the numbers on both sides are huge. Protests have seen unimaginable show&nbsp;ups in numbers. The numbers make it very clear, the country is without doubt divided. And every now and then all of them are on the streets. Protesting over what they believe is right.<br /> <br /> A legitimate government! ... O_o ... Not a legitimate government! Well give a chance for the people to decide.<br /> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> One question I have been frequently asked is "Ain't Waheed an elected Vice President? He is an elected person! and according to constitution he took over when the President resigned. Yes?". My answer is simple.<br /> <br /> YES. Its all true! But what did Waheed sell his voters?? A&nbsp;manifesto! An <i>MDP-Gaumee Ithihaad&nbsp;</i>manifesto&nbsp;to be&nbsp;precise. Lets rephrase, what did Nasheed and his running mate sell their voters?&nbsp;<i>MDP-Gaumee Ithihaad</i>&nbsp;Manifesto! That's what the Maldivian's voted for the next five years. Whether it was to get rid of a cruel dictator or for the allied movement that backed Nasheed back then. Well now Waheed is the President. His voters expect him to continue what he was voted in for. Is he at it ??<br /> <br /> Today Waheed has joined forces with once his opponents and they have made a coalition government. They have come up with new polices, ideas and plans for the country.<br /> <br /> How could they strip the voters from what they had voted for? Is this fair in a democracy? I don't think so! Today we are back with old Gayoom elements that I voted out. So did some 54% people in the country! That's where the question "Where is my vote?" comes from.<br /> <br /> Personally what I want to see now is an election. I want to see what the common Maldivian want! Not what the security forces want nor what protesters want. I want to see whether they want Nasheed back in power or do they want Waheed to keep on leading the nation. Or for that matter whether they want Gayoom back ??<br /> <br /> Once an independent free and fair election is held, the scene will be quite very clear. We will have to end this political fiesta that has brought hail storm in to our society. Then we know, what the country want. And then its time for people like us to digest! No questions asked. That is democracy.<br /> <b><br /></b><br /> <b>Democracy always presents you with a solution. Ask the people !! No seriously just ask the people !! The solution forward is an Election.</b></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/4p7UntgFemg" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/03/yes-we-need-election.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-59324789664523310952012-03-05T21:11:00.001+05:002012-03-06T13:23:44.105+05:002012-03-06T13:23:44.105+05:00Coup d'état in the Maldives ??<div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> </div> <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-G1ebFLPVd00/T1RdQ1DiQxI/AAAAAAAABM0/24uBiWiZst8/s1600/3844_fullscreen_capture_2182012_63736_pm_news.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="355" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-G1ebFLPVd00/T1RdQ1DiQxI/AAAAAAAABM0/24uBiWiZst8/s640/3844_fullscreen_capture_2182012_63736_pm_news.jpg" width="640" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">President Nasheed writes his resignation letter</td></tr> </tbody></table> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">Maldives observed a change of government on 7th February 2012.&nbsp;Continuous protests brought &nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.maeed.com/2012/02/breaking-news-presidency-at-its-brink.html" style="font-family: inherit;">Nasheed's Presidency to a brink</a><span style="font-family: inherit;">, and the</span><span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.maeed.com/2012/02/mvprotests-07th-february-mutiny-end-of.html" style="font-family: inherit;">7th February Mutiny</a><span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;became</span><span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;the end for the first democratically elected President of the country. With Mohamed Nasheed's resignation, Vice President Dr. Mohamed Waheed Hassan Maniku, took oath of office as the President.</span><span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.maeed.com/2012/03/dr-mohamed-waheed-hassan-maniku.html" style="font-family: inherit;">Of course as per the Constitution</a><span style="font-family: inherit;">.&nbsp;</span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">The following&nbsp;day Maldives woke up to hear&nbsp;allegations and&nbsp;conspiracy&nbsp;of a&nbsp;Coup d'état. "By all definitions it was a Coup" Nasheed spoke out.&nbsp;</span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">By definition, a&nbsp;Coup d'état is a strike against the State. It is a sudden and decisive change of government illegally or by force. Question is: 'was this the indubitable setting in Maldives on that February&nbsp;Tuesday'?&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b style="font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 15px; line-height: 19px;">The Events - End of a Presidency</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Events that led to his resignation was bloody to some extent. After the&nbsp;continuous series of protests against the 'enforced&nbsp;disappearance'&nbsp;of Criminal court Judge Abdulla Mohamed, by Anti-Government&nbsp;protesters, factions of the Maldives Police Service&nbsp;mutinied&nbsp;over what they called 'being given unlawful orders' and demanded&nbsp;Commissioner of Police Ahemd Faseeh&nbsp;to meet them and assure them that they will not be given unlawful orders anymore.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Article 64 of the Constitution: <i>Non-compliance with unlawful orders state that "No employee of the State shall impose any orders on a person except under authority of a law. Everyone has the right not to obey an unlawful order"</i>. The mutinying Police were requesting that this Article be honored.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> At this point Police did not call for the President's resignation, very clearly their only demand was an assurance&nbsp;by their Commissioner. This never happened. Instead what we witnessed in the Maldives were confrontations with Pro-Government supporters and&nbsp;mutinying&nbsp;police, followed by clashes with the Maldivian National Defense Force (MNDF) who were trying to take control of the situation.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> As morning broke, President Nasheed came to the scene, must say a brave attempt, faced the mutinying Police and tried to address them, he was responded by "Sir, No Sir". With that failed attempt he was moved into the Maldivian National Defense Headquarters (adjacent&nbsp;to the Republic square)</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Frankly, it is unsure when and how the demands to meet the Commissioner of Police changed to the call for Nasheed's resignation.<br /> <a name='more'></a></div> <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-0l8GfhbQVOM/T1TJ6is5ymI/AAAAAAAABNE/R0ZlnaQ2k20/s1600/w460+(1).jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="418" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-0l8GfhbQVOM/T1TJ6is5ymI/AAAAAAAABNE/R0ZlnaQ2k20/s640/w460+(1).jpg" width="640" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Mutinying Police and Anti-Government Protesters</td></tr> </tbody></table> <div style="text-align: justify;"> On either side of the Republic square, MDP Pro-Government Protesters and Anti-Government Protesters were very much present, the&nbsp;mutinying&nbsp;Police were somewhat&nbsp;in between&nbsp;the two protesting parties. The Anti-Government protest that was stationed just behind the mutinying Police constantly called for the resignation of the President. While the Pro-Government Protesters were supporting Nasheed and against the mutiny.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> The Defense force who were handling the situation were called into their Headquarters, they had to leave at the nick of this&nbsp;crucial,&nbsp;critical and rather&nbsp;flammable&nbsp;setup on orders; An order the ground commander First Lt. Ali Ihusaan later stated as 'unreasonable on ethical and moral standards'. As soon as they left the scene, situation turned extremely violent and bloody. Pro-Government and mutinying forces clashed.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Defense force did come out into the scene again and tried to control the situation which caused serious confrontations between them and the Police. By now some of the Soldiers defected into the mutiny. Anti-Government protesters, mutinying Police and defected Soldiers were all together calling for the resignation of the President and all havoc broke down on Republic Square.&nbsp;</div> <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-OgBE3ufcAgg/T1TJW8eOLFI/AAAAAAAABM8/G1faD76ixzI/s1600/w460.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="448" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-OgBE3ufcAgg/T1TJW8eOLFI/AAAAAAAABM8/G1faD76ixzI/s640/w460.jpg" width="640" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Mutinying Police and Defense Forces clash</td></tr> </tbody></table> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Rumors spread fast that Nasheed had ordered use of live ammunition against the protesters (which Nasheed denies till date and states that he resigned because he did not wish to take that last resort). Meanwhile a group of defector Security Forces (Police and Defense Force) marched and destroyed the main MDP&nbsp;Haruge' (Maldivian Democratic Party, Headquarters) and also forced their way into the State Broadcast Media Station, MNBC and took control of the Station.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Later on a&nbsp;<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hgg0x4xi2t4">DhiTV program 7th February</a>, MNDF First Lt. Ali Ihusaan confirmed that at first, the Defense Force did not want to get involved in what was presenting itself as an internal Police matter. And that they were trying to opt and encourage a more peaceful solution. He also confirmed that there was no order or indication from Nasheed to use live&nbsp;ammunition (MNDF has maintained this on various statements).</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: -webkit-auto;"> <div style="text-align: left;"> <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hbAxReefInI&amp;list=UUv5JbSaprB3hiG2jgxs-wWA&amp;index=45&amp;feature=plcp" style="text-align: justify;">Leaked video footage</a><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;inside the National Defense Headquarters show Nasheed commanding his Security force to "<i>Go out there and handle the situation. Country is being destroyed</i>".&nbsp;</span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> On another <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&amp;v=akxK-jS9_is#!">leaked audio clip</a> that came out exclusively on an SBS documentary "Mutiny in the Maldives" by famous Australian&nbsp;<a href="http://www.sbs.com.au/dateline/reporter/about/id/9/n/Mark-Davis">Journalist Mark Davis</a>. Nasheed can be heard addressing Security forces in the Defense Headquarters:</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> "<i>I want to request that you protect my family ... You should do this under the circumstances ... I will settle this with you first, right here, Okay? Then I will go to the President's Office and Publicly announce that in my view, the best thing for this country right now is my resignation. Is that alright? So that's what I ll say</i>"</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> He was repeatedly answered back "<i>Yes Sir</i>" and that "<i>We will protect you, Sir</i>". Showed that he did have a&nbsp;guaranteed&nbsp;safe passage from the Defense Headquarters to the President's Office and safety to him and his family.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> On the documentary Nasheed says "<i>That was an attempt for me to get out from where I was, the Army Headquarters</i>". He goes on to tell Davis "<i>Yes, I could have hold on, but that would have been on a huge cost to the people ... there would have been a lot of blood</i>".</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> It is important to note that within the Defense Headquarters, before Nasheed made his mind to resign, he asked the Force whether he should submit resignation. After repeating this question more than once, there were calls for him to resign within the force.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i>(Of course these are not all the events that unfolded on that day, but the important events worth noting. I hope to write a separate detailed post of the events that took place on 07/02/12 later.)</i></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><b>The Resignation&nbsp;- A legal hand over.&nbsp;</b></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><b><br /></b></span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-W-_4PMfxNOM/T1TKUCX2vaI/AAAAAAAABNM/c6ypl0LsWmc/s1600/maldiv-pres-ex_1.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="424" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-W-_4PMfxNOM/T1TKUCX2vaI/AAAAAAAABNM/c6ypl0LsWmc/s640/maldiv-pres-ex_1.jpg" width="640" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">President Nasheed formally resigns with his cabinet on the side</td></tr> </tbody></table> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">I witnessed a man of honor,&nbsp;dignity&nbsp;and pride address a Nation. Those admirable words will remain&nbsp;echoed in my heart, as President Nasheed, with a&nbsp;</span>sincere<span style="font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;cabinet by his side affirmed his people;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;">"<i>I resign because&nbsp;</i></span><i><b style="font-family: inherit;">I am not a person who&nbsp;</b><b style="font-family: inherit;">wished to rule with the us</b><b style="font-family: inherit;">e of power&nbsp;</b></i><span style="font-family: inherit;"><i>... I&nbsp;believe&nbsp;that if the government were to remain in power it would require the use of force which would harm many citizens ... I wish the Maldive would have a consolidated democracy. <b>I wish for justice to be established</b>. My wish is for the progress and prosperity of the people</i>".&nbsp;</span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: left;"> <div style="text-align: left;"> <span style="text-align: justify;">His letter of resignation was handed over to the Speaker of the People Majlis as constituted in Article 121(a) of the constitution; '<i>The President may resign from office by writing under his hand submitted to the Speaker of the People's Majlis, and the office shall be&nbsp;</i></span><i><span style="text-align: justify;">vacant</span><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;when the&nbsp;</span><span style="text-align: justify;">resignation</span></i><span style="text-align: justify;"><i>&nbsp;is received by the Speaker'</i>.&nbsp;</span></div> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: left;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Nasheed did have a cabinet meeting before addressing the Nation on TV, he did have his cabinet by his side. Yet Nasheed openly stated that he was pretty much forced into resignation and metaphorically was held at gunpoint. Can this be justified?</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Dr. Ibrahim Didi, elected leader and President of the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), who also was the Fisheries Minister at the time was reported <a href="http://mvyouth.info/live/2295/">stating</a> that during the last Cabinet meeting held in the Presidents office prior to resignation, Nasheed did not mention that he was being 'forced' into it. While&nbsp;President Dr. Waheed stated on 101 East - Al Jazeera Program '<a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/101east/2012/03/201231113618982509.html">Coup on Coral Islands?</a>' that Nasheed did not indicate to him that he was at all 'forced' to submit a resignation.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Well, fact is what better podium and what better time would it have been but on that Tuesday for Nasheed to let the world know that he had been forced out of office. He had the media on him. He had a nation watching. If only he had said "It was a coup, and by all definitions it is a coup" right then and there !!</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Maybe he was considering the situation the nation would fall into, with his party leaders already hospitalized after confrontations earlier. Was he giving way to a peaceful transition? If he had said this was indeed a coup then and there, what would have been the situation of the country?</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b>The Allegation - The 'situational' leaders.</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Abdulla Riyaz (Fmr. Asst. Commissioner of Police), Mohamed Nazim (Rtd. Colonel) and Mohamed Fayaz - FA (Fmr. Deputy Commissioner of Police), are three figures have repeatedly been accused as coup leaders, all three coming from decorated national service backgrounds, were mere civilians on that February Tuesday. Images and videos show their presence at the scene,&nbsp;in front&nbsp;of the Maldives National Defense Force building where Nasheed was based at (after his attempts earlier to resolve the issue with the mutinying police force outside, which probably would have worked if he had choose a different set of words).</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> On occasion Abdulla Riyaz and Mohamed Nazim are seen entering to the building, which they later justify as to it was on request of then Defense Minister, Tholhath Ibrahim Kalyfan. All three maintained that they came to the scene as&nbsp;concerned&nbsp;ex-service men and that they played a mediator role between the angry mob of mixed Mutinying Police and protesters.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <object class="BLOGGER-youtube-video" classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,40,0" data-thumbnail-src="http://1.gvt0.com/vi/y36ofaTl2W0/0.jpg" height="266" width="320"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/y36ofaTl2W0&fs=1&source=uds" /> <param name="bgcolor" value="#FFFFFF" /> <embed width="320" height="266" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/y36ofaTl2W0&fs=1&source=uds" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed></object></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Nazim was seen<a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y36ofaTl2W0"> addressing the crowds </a>on one instance where he said;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i>"I just came out after meeting the Defense Minister and Senior officials of the Military. We made our proposal, that was - The President should resign unconditionally."</i></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Nazim is also seen to state later that <i>"The President Resigned on his own will and without any&nbsp;pressure"</i></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Riyaz stated on&nbsp;101 East - Al Jazeera Program that he believed that they were "situational&nbsp;leaders" that happen to be there on that day.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> With the change of government Abdulla Riyaz, was reinstated as an Assistant Commissioner of Police and then promoted as the Commissioner of Police. While Mohamed Nazim was appointed as the new Defense Minister and Mohamed Fayaz (who was serving as a State Minister in Nasheed's government) was&nbsp;transferred&nbsp;to the Ministry of Home Affairs as its State Minister.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Nasheed and MDP have made allegations that Riyaz, Nazim and fayaz have indeed been handsomely rewarded in&nbsp;acknowledgement&nbsp;for their role in&nbsp;orchestrating&nbsp;the&nbsp;Coup d'état.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Well, are the three respected ex-service men really coup leaders?? or were they out there to solve a critical National Security situation?? What would have happened if they did not intervene??</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b>The Conspiracy - "Bagee" Waheed</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-35EIzFoaCy4/T1TMnp7xduI/AAAAAAAABNc/BQ3JiUHaHtw/s1600/753075-waheed-hassan-maldives-politics.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="360" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-35EIzFoaCy4/T1TMnp7xduI/AAAAAAAABNc/BQ3JiUHaHtw/s640/753075-waheed-hassan-maldives-politics.jpg" width="640" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">President Dr. Waheed</td></tr> </tbody></table> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Nasheed on several occasions have associated Dr. Waheed with the Coup. Nasheed say's that Dr. Waheed was aware of a planned coup and that he was part of it.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> During the&nbsp;continuous series of protests over the 'enforced&nbsp;disappearance' of&nbsp;&nbsp;Judge Abdulla Mohamed, Opposition leaders, and the 23 December Ithihaad (made up by different Civil Societies and all major&nbsp;opposition&nbsp;parties at the time) met with Dr. Waheed at his residence.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> And&nbsp;publicly&nbsp;the Anti-Nasheed coalition called the Police and Security Forces to&nbsp;swear&nbsp;allegiance to the Vice President Dr. Waheed. Repeatedly they denied Nasheed as the lawful President of the country.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> On the night of chaos, when all hell was loose in the country, Dr. Waheed issued <a href="http://www.drwaheed.com/blog/message-to-the-people">a press release</a> where he goes on to say:</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i>"During this dangerous situation facing the nation it is my duty to say a few words. I support the peaceful efforts of a large number of Maldivians trying to protect the Maldives Constitution and Religion. At this time I call upon all the institutions especially law enforcement agencies (the military) to uphold the constitution and the laws of the country. <b>Refrain from obeying unconstitutional and illegal instructions. During this difficult times no chance should be given to anyone trying to hurt the people of our country or damage their property, especially no room should be afforded to those who would damage news agencies and media</b>. I am saddened that VTV and other places in Male' have been attacked. I call on those who are involved in this to immediately cease all such activities. <b>As your Vice President I am preapared to do everything possible to overcome this situation.</b>"</i></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> On Al Jazeera 101 East&nbsp;interview Journalist Fauziah Ibrahim&nbsp;asks Dr. Waheed:</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i>"We have seen footage of security forces out on the streets; we have seen people demanding for the resignation of the then President Nasheed. Mainly these people have been the security officers. That's what we are seeing from the video. Also, we have video footage of your current defense minister entering the&nbsp;barracks&nbsp;and then coming out of the&nbsp;barracks&nbsp;demanding the President's resignation. We see him also in the President's office just before and after the resignation. Now, at that point he was just a civilian. Why was a civilian given so much privilege access?"</i></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> To which Dr. Waheed gives on very simple answer:</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i>"I have no idea&nbsp;because&nbsp;I was not part of what happened that day</i>."&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Practically denying any&nbsp;knowledge&nbsp;of events that were happening in the country.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> He also goes on to tell Fauziah:&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="font-family: inherit;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span style="background-color: white; line-height: 17px; text-align: -webkit-auto;"><span style="font-family: inherit;"><i>"I think he (Nasheed) just lost it. He lost it and realised what a blunder he had made. Maybe this was a trick he was playing on the people; I don’t know. But he resigned voluntarily and in front of the camera. He could have said under the circumstances, I am being forced to resign, but he didn’t. He didn’t give any indication, any clue. He could have called me and said Waheed, I am being forced to resign."</i></span></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> While, MP Imthiyaz Fahmy, MDP Spokesperson told the media later, that on February 7th Nasheed did &nbsp;in fact try to contact Dr. Waheed, as he was then Nasheed's Vice President, but his calls went unanswered.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> MDP and Nasheed is linking the unexpected events that changed the Government claiming Dr. Waheed's involvement that he was aware of the unfolding coup in the country. Thus calling him "Baagee" (Rebel) Waheed and an illegitimate President.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Did Dr. Waheed have any role whatsoever in the events that led to Nasheed's resignation? Was he aware of the alleged&nbsp;Coup d'état in the Maldives ??&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b>Coup ?? No Coup ??</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> As for now events that unfolded on that&nbsp;Tuesday,&nbsp;7th February, can not be concluded by saying it was a Coup or it was not a Coup. There are signs that this may in fact be a Coup and there are those that show a swift change of Government after a legal resignation and legal take over.&nbsp;</div> <br /> <table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-oQl7AX14VV4/T1TL3L4SQNI/AAAAAAAABNU/odBaT3KGzzE/s1600/539w.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="464" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-oQl7AX14VV4/T1TL3L4SQNI/AAAAAAAABNU/odBaT3KGzzE/s640/539w.jpg" width="640" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="font-size: 13px;">Maldives Police Service</td></tr> </tbody></table> <br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> People in the Maldives have a right to know what happened on 7th February 2012. They need to know how and why their elected President resigned. People of the Maldives have a right to know the truth behind the allegations and conspiracy.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> From what I see there is one solution: We need an independent inquiry and investigation into the matter. A commission or team that is not appointed by the President but by the Peoples Majlis, with international observers: an investigation transparent to the fullest with presence of media and other independent watchdogs.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Only then can we answer the question:&nbsp;Coup d'état in the Maldive ??</div> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/CtehAZOa86A" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/03/coup-detat-in-maldive.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-44172986787700488122012-03-02T11:59:00.001+05:002012-03-05T14:31:01.260+05:002012-03-05T14:31:01.260+05:00Dr. Mohamed Waheed Hassan Maniku, a legitimate President?<table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: justify;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-MXab7MX0ldA/T1BslbOUxlI/AAAAAAAABMc/cM96xp9R3Xs/s1600/29918_4be38558-7_.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="260" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-MXab7MX0ldA/T1BslbOUxlI/AAAAAAAABMc/cM96xp9R3Xs/s400/29918_4be38558-7_.jpg" width="400" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Dr. Waheed takes oath of office as President</td></tr> </tbody></table> <div style="text-align: justify;"> The third President of the second Republic of the Maldives, Mr. Mohamed Nasheed was <a href="http://www.maeed.com/2012/02/mvprotests-07th-february-mutiny-end-of.html">forced to step down</a>, after what appeared to be a historic Mutiny of the Maldivian Police Service. Nasheed resigned in his office, in front of media and on television, people of the island nation witnessed Nasheed as he humbly said those words,</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i>&nbsp;"I resign because I am not a person who wished to rule with the use of power ... I believe that if the government were to remain in power it would require the use of force which would harm many citizens"</i>.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Second in command that day in Maldives was Dr. Mohamed Waheed Hassan Maniku.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b>Elected Vice President</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> 2008 was&nbsp;perhaps&nbsp;the most important year in modern Maldivian history. The first ever Multi Party democratic elections were held in the country, after a 30 year long autocratic rule by then President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. A nation stood divided, Pro-Gayoom supporter on one side and Anti-Gayoom elements on the other.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), the first registered political Party in the country, the beginning of the modern democratic movement in the country, nominated Nasheed after a party primary.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Dr. Waheed was then (and still remains) leader of the&nbsp;minority&nbsp;political faction, <i>Gaumee Ittihaad</i>,&nbsp;that emerged out of MDP. He himself &nbsp;also had declared his intentions to run for the Presidency.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Nasheed making the friendly&nbsp;gesture&nbsp;to his old&nbsp;colleague, invited Dr. Waheed as a running mate. After the first rounds of election, it was a battle between Gayoom and Nasheed.&nbsp;Naturally&nbsp;all political&nbsp;organisation&nbsp;other than that of Gayoom's <i>Dhivehi Rayithunge Party</i> (DRP) and his younger brother Yameen's Peoples Alliance, joined hand in hand and allied behind Nasheed.</div> <a name='more'></a><br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> With a united alliance, Nasheed won the elections and became the first democratically elected President of the Country. Dr. Waheed being the running mate, became the first elected Vice President of the Country.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b>Vice President becomes President by Law</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> As per&nbsp;Article 112(d) of&nbsp;the Constitution of the Republic of Maldives "If the office of the President becomes&nbsp;<b>vacant for any reason</b>, the Vice President shall succeed to the office of the President".</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Dr. Waheed was the Vice President of the outgoing President Nasheed, thus legally he is obliged to take up the responsibility as the President of the Country according to Article 112(d). Dr. Waheed took oath of office on 7th February 2012 in a small ceremony that was held in the&nbsp;Parliament.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> With no doubt he is a legitimate President of Maldives.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Argument being, that Nasheed was forced into resignation, metaphorically at gun point, with no backing and support from his security forces, and&nbsp;conspiracy involving Dr. Waheed's knowledge of a &nbsp;Coup d'état (Coup) is not sufficient to deny the legality of Dr. Waheed as a President. Clearly there has been no breach in the legal, Constitutional process of transition.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> However, it is imperative that an independent inquiry/investigation be made into the events that led to the resignation of Nasheed. This investigation should of course be&nbsp;transparent&nbsp;in every expect. Information. evidence and documents of any such investigation should be shared and observed by international representative (Foreign Observers). Events that unfolded prior to the resignation of the President must and should be looked into and the people of the nation have a right to know the truth behind it.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <blockquote class="tr_bq" style="text-align: justify;"> <b><i>Unless it is proven that this was not a Coup, the possibility of it being a Coup should not be left out!!!</i></b>&nbsp;</blockquote> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b><br /></b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b>Presidential Address - Peoples Majlis&nbsp;</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Article 84 of the Constitution states that "At the beginning of the first session of each year at the first sitting, the President shall address the People's Majlis on the state of the country, and may present proposals for improving the state of the country to the People's Majlis".&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> 1st March 2012 was that day in the Maldives, the first session of the first sitting of the Majlis for the year 2012. As stipulated in Article 84 of the Constitution, President Waheed was&nbsp;scheduled&nbsp;to deliver the Presidential Address to the Peoples Majlis (Parliament). Opposition MDP Members of the Parliament prevented Dr. Waheed from delivering his address to the Majlis.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> After continued&nbsp;dialogue&nbsp;and negotiation between Dr. Waheed and MP's, the President had also supported a proposal for the People's Majlis to decide a date for an early election. However, efforts for a peaceful way forward was not achieved and the Speaker&nbsp;postponed&nbsp;the session of the Majlis.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> On ethical and moral standards, the acts of the opposition MP's cannot be justified, and&nbsp;behavior&nbsp;was seen to be&nbsp;uncivilized&nbsp;and unacceptable.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> It should be noted that unless the Parliament is not officially open, the constitutional duty of the President cannot be&nbsp;fulfilled.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Dr. Waheed has a right to address the Parliament, and that right should be given to him.<br /> <br /> <blockquote class="tr_bq"> <b>CORRECTION: &nbsp;</b><b>Naturally&nbsp;all political&nbsp;organisation&nbsp;other than that of Gayoom's&nbsp;<i>Dhivehi Rayithunge Party</i>&nbsp;(DRP) <strike>and his younger brother Yameen's Peoples Alliance,</strike> joined hand in hand and allied behind Nasheed.</b></blockquote> <br /></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/4eHT_dUarAQ" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/03/dr-mohamed-waheed-hassan-maniku.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-71313286179509571542012-03-02T00:35:00.001+05:002012-03-02T00:43:18.796+05:002012-03-02T00:43:18.796+05:00Open Letter: Answer to those who have certain allegations<div style="text-align: justify;"> Dear Readers.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> I am writing this post after being&nbsp;bombarded&nbsp;with accusations,&nbsp;doubts&nbsp;and "suspicions" brought down on to me.&nbsp;I have repeatedly been accused directly and indirectly for being an MDP Activist (thug) and a propaganda agent. I have been&nbsp;labeled as a bias, one sided, person with no ability to think rationally whatsoever or to see a certain "big picture".&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> To begin with please note that I am of sound mind and health.&nbsp;I am very much in control of my thoughts, words and action.&nbsp;I do not belong to any Political&nbsp;Organization (division)&nbsp;in the country, nor am I a member of any Political Party. If I am on any membership roaster of any such organization in the Maldives, it is very much without my&nbsp;consent or knowledge.&nbsp;No person/persons is/are influencing my capacity as a human being to understand, think or reason.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Yes, I&nbsp;frequently&nbsp;tweet, discuss and post my ideas on issues in the Maldives; concerning Political, Moral, Social, Ethical and other issues that are of interest to me. I have done so and I do so with clear understanding and accordance with the individual fundamental right&nbsp;guaranteed&nbsp;to me by Article 27 of the&nbsp;Constitution&nbsp;of the Republic of Maldives. I have never expressed any idea, thought or ideology for that matter, that may be classified as 'against any tenets of Islam", and I never intend to, my strong belief does not permit me ever to do so.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> I am very sorry that I do not tend to believe in everything I hear, every idea that is being passed on to me and that I do not comply with the ideologies and concepts that some of you may believe and/or portray to be the certain "big picture", truth or reality. I do not&nbsp;necessarily&nbsp;have to&nbsp;believe&nbsp;in what you may think right and what you may think just. I do not have to hail what you hail and what you&nbsp;acknowledge.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Best Regards</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Maeed</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i>Note: This is a post meant to those who have repeatedly&nbsp;harassed&nbsp;me and for those who have doubts about me on certain matters that I hope I have addressed here. I hope the rest of the readers do not take this post as of any offence.&nbsp;</i></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/9Hxn0q6R_Ks" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/03/open-letter-answer-to-those-who-have.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-85498062787788679362012-02-07T11:56:00.000+05:002012-02-07T11:56:44.798+05:002012-02-07T11:56:44.798+05:00The 07th February Mutiny - End of Mohamed Nasheed Presidency<div style="text-align: justify;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-bDMCALE2-Gw/TzDK_s8Xx6I/AAAAAAAABLw/LxUo9YNVGs0/s1600/hep_small.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-bDMCALE2-Gw/TzDK_s8Xx6I/AAAAAAAABLw/LxUo9YNVGs0/s1600/hep_small.jpg" /></a></div> <br /> The Third President of the Second Republic of Maldives, Mr. Mohamed Nasheed (G.Kenereege) has been forced to step down, after what appeared to be a historic 07th February Mutiny by the Security Services and Civil disobedience.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Once again I call all authorities, forces, services and all people in general, do not harm President Nasheed in any way. He is an elected President of the Republic of Maldives. Uphold the dignity.<br /> <br /> Remember that there is an elected Vice President in the Country. Hand over him the responsibilities of the President as soon as possible. Give way to a smooth change. He should take up the oath of office&nbsp;immediately.<br /> <br /> We shifted from a Dictatorship to a democracy in 2008 and we showed an example to the world then. I call the Security forces to show that example again.&nbsp;</div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/W4l6AungQeI" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/02/mvprotests-07th-february-mutiny-end-of.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-44781378548853011002012-02-07T09:33:00.000+05:002012-02-07T13:48:07.647+05:002012-02-07T13:48:07.647+05:00Breaking News: Presidency at its brink - Mohamed Nasheed<div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> </div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-HCz9YLro9i4/TzDlONznENI/AAAAAAAABL4/J3jya2Ip91A/s1600/l_3849.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="260" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-HCz9YLro9i4/TzDlONznENI/AAAAAAAABL4/J3jya2Ip91A/s400/l_3849.jpg" width="400" /></a></div> <br /> Reports confirm the Maldivian Defense Force has indeed surrendered to the Maldivian Police Services and the Anti-Government&nbsp;Protesters. President Nasheed is inside Bandaara Koshi the MNDF Headquarters.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> However, unconfirmed reports say that MNDF Soldiers inside the HQ may involve in more confrontations, however, it is believed that most of the Soldiers have joined the Police.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> After what appeared to be bloody confrontations between the Pro-Government protesters and Maldivian Police Service who joined the Anti-Government protests earlier last night, refusing to obey unlawful orders issued to them by superiors, President Nasheed did try to get the situation under control as he addressed the Police. He was responded by "Sir, No Sir". And after being called to resign by the Police Service, Nasheed with MNDF security, entered Bandaara Koshi, the MNDF HQ.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Maldives witnessed weeks long Anti-Government protests in the capital over the "enforced disappearance" of Judge Abdullah Mohamed by the MNDF on orders of Nasheed. Also since December 23rd, opposition protests have been ongoing over the Governments vague Islamic Policies, and over GMR International Airport.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> While both major hospitals in the capital are on alert and HIGH EMERGENCY, and it has been reported that victims of the confrontation are indeed brought it. No reported deaths.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> This may indeed be the end of the Third President of the Second Republic, Maldives.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> One Sincere Request remain, DO NOT HURT A PRESIDENT OF MALDIVES. UP HOLD DIGNITY and DON'T LET HISTORY REPEAT. PROTECT HIM.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> If Nasheed is no longer in power, by Law the Vice President of the County Dr. Waheed should take over.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Find updates on my twitter :&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/#!/maeed">https://twitter.com/#!/maeed</a></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/bP1tYKJzoYk" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/02/breaking-news-presidency-at-its-brink.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-563416714790640442012-01-27T23:42:00.000+05:002012-01-28T02:03:59.318+05:002012-01-28T02:03:59.318+05:00Lost customs of Maldivians. (Part One)<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-1lwpBg6Nomw/TyLvjanUa-I/AAAAAAAABLo/etz6lbpSjeg/s1600/ibn-battuta.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="320" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-1lwpBg6Nomw/TyLvjanUa-I/AAAAAAAABLo/etz6lbpSjeg/s320/ibn-battuta.jpg" width="295" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Ibn Batuta&nbsp;</td></tr> </tbody></table> <div style="text-align: justify;"> As like in any society, people in the Maldives have their own social customs, traditions and cultures, however, in time some of these customs got lost,&nbsp;perhaps&nbsp;in the hurdle of modernity. With the tourism boost in the 70's, came the influence of the western society. Some positive and some negative.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> I would like to talk about some of the old Maldivian cultures, that we do not follow anymore, forgotten or those that we may have known very little about. Of course these are very interesting traditions our forefathers practiced.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> I ll begin with Tangier&nbsp;traveler and Maldivian Chief Justice Abu-Abdullah Mohammed, the famous Ibn Batuta (<span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, Swiss, SunSans-Regular;">1304-78)</span>. He writes:</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> "'The inhabitants of the Maldives Islands are honest and pious people, sincere in good faith and of a strong will; they eat only what is lawful, and their prayers are granted. When one of them meets another, he says <i>God is my lord: Muhammad is my prophet: I am a poor ignorant being</i>."</div> <a name='more'></a><br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> And he writes:</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> "The islanders are good people: they abstain from what is foul, and most of them bathe twice a day, and properly too, on account of the extreme heat of the climate and the abundance of perspiration. They use a large quantity of scented oils such as&nbsp;sandalwood oil, and they anoint themselves musk from Makdachaou (Madagascar)"</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Also&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> "It is one of their customs. when they have said the morning prayer, for every woman to go to meet her husband or son with the collyrium box, rose-water, and rubs himself with rose-water and musk oil, and so polishes the skin and removes from his face all trace of fatigue."</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Another of their customs he writes, (this one is one of my favorite);</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> "When one of them marries, and goes to the house of his wife, she spreads cotton cloths from the house door to that of the (nuptial) chamber: on these cloths she places handfuls cowries on the right and left of the path he has to follow, while she herself stands awaiting him at the door of the apartment. On his arrival she throws over his feet a cloth which his attendants take up. If it is the wife who goes to the husband's house is hung with cloths, and cowries are&nbsp;placed&nbsp;thereon: and the woman on her arrival throws the cloth over the feet. And this is also the custom of the islanders when they salute the&nbsp;sovereign, they must without fail be&nbsp;provided&nbsp;with a&nbsp;piece&nbsp;of&nbsp;cloth&nbsp;to cast down at the moment."</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> He continues to say:</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> "All the inhabitants of the Maldives, be they nobles or the common folk, keep their feet bare. They streets are swept and well kept: they are shaded by trees. and the passenger walks as it were in an orchard. ... every person who&nbsp;enters&nbsp;a house is obliged to wash his feet with water from the jar placed near the <i>Malem </i>(a partition near the middle divides the house into two rooms, one of which is private, and one which is the other open to all visitors) ... also a bowl called ouelendj (these&nbsp;coconut bowls with long handles, used to draw water)&nbsp; and rub them with a coarse fabric of <i>lif</i> (Pers.) placed there: after which he enters the house. Every person&nbsp;entering&nbsp;a mosque does the same."</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> These are some excerpts from<i> Ibn Batuta in the Maldives and Ceylon - Albert Gray</i>.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> to be continued ...</div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/T2P22pR850c" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/01/lost-customs-of-maldivians-part-one.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-24531586233316160772012-01-13T01:32:00.000+05:002012-01-14T08:48:49.367+05:002012-01-14T08:48:49.367+05:00Check out Mysha Didi on YouTube !!!<div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="https://fbcdn-sphotos-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-ash4/311090_111339552311418_111024452342928_78636_1746604445_n.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="225" src="https://fbcdn-sphotos-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-ash4/311090_111339552311418_111024452342928_78636_1746604445_n.jpg" width="400" /></a></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> So lately I have been YouTubing, you know checking out the latest music and stuff. ( Cough ... Mostly friends; <a href="http://shushee.blogspot.com/">Shuhana</a>, <a href="http://faziiie.blogspot.com/">Fazy</a> and Sum sends me the links, and I just play them :P ). Anyway one YouTube Channel I came across was&nbsp;<a href="http://www.youtube.com/user/Dhivehi">Dhivehi</a>'s Channel. Now this channel belongs to a certain Mysah Didi, yes a Maldivian, who I must say is not only this lovely High School gal but also this gal with an amazing voice. She's got four cover songs on her channel so far with the first upload some 2 months back, by now she's got some 354 subscribers and over 150,000 + video views, not bad eh?<br /> <a name='more'></a></div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <object class="BLOGGER-youtube-video" classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,40,0" data-thumbnail-src="http://2.gvt0.com/vi/y7Vraey3uF4/0.jpg" height="266" width="320"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/y7Vraey3uF4&fs=1&source=uds" /> <param name="bgcolor" value="#FFFFFF" /> <embed width="320" height="266" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/y7Vraey3uF4&fs=1&source=uds" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed></object></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> The Coldplay song "Yellow" cover by Mysha Didi</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> (This is uploaded on 30th October 2011)&nbsp;</div> <br /> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <object class="BLOGGER-youtube-video" classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,40,0" data-thumbnail-src="http://3.gvt0.com/vi/-u1eFA7mJf8/0.jpg" height="266" width="320"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/-u1eFA7mJf8&fs=1&source=uds" /> <param name="bgcolor" value="#FFFFFF" /> <embed width="320" height="266" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/-u1eFA7mJf8&fs=1&source=uds" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed></object></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> "Someone Like You" cover by Mysha Didi. Song by Adele&nbsp;</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> (Also uploaded on 30th October 2011)</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <object class="BLOGGER-youtube-video" classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,40,0" data-thumbnail-src="http://0.gvt0.com/vi/SVESZM_FdEg/0.jpg" height="266" width="320"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/SVESZM_FdEg&fs=1&source=uds" /> <param name="bgcolor" value="#FFFFFF" /> <embed width="320" height="266" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/SVESZM_FdEg&fs=1&source=uds" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed></object></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> Bob Dylan's "Blowin' in the Wind" cover by Mysha Didi</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> (Uploaded on 19th December 2011)</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> Among all the four covers she has made ... this my friends is really blowin' in the Wind, my favorite&nbsp;</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <object class="BLOGGER-youtube-video" classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" codebase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,40,0" data-thumbnail-src="http://3.gvt0.com/vi/Y6phamYZ2JM/0.jpg" height="266" width="320"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/Y6phamYZ2JM&fs=1&source=uds" /> <param name="bgcolor" value="#FFFFFF" /> <embed width="320" height="266" src="http://www.youtube.com/v/Y6phamYZ2JM&fs=1&source=uds" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"></embed></object></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> "Fix You" the Coldplay original cover by Mysha Didi</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> (Uploaded 30th December 2011)</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> Awesome addition to her covers, also a song she dedicates to her Mom and family... a pleasant song to simply say bye bye 2011.</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: justify;"> Well those are the Four covers so far on her channel but hopefully we ll hear more from her soon ... And maybe we'll actually hear her own stuff in the near future. I tell you this girl seriously&nbsp;has talent that is for sure. Ohh and also she has her fan page on Facebook "<a href="https://www.facebook.com/MyshaDidi">Mysha Didi</a>"&nbsp;and also she is on <a href="http://vibedeck.com/mysha">Vibedeck.</a>&nbsp;Well keep it up and all the very best of luck to you girl.&nbsp;&nbsp;</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: justify;"> Ohh and guys ... seriously if you don't believe me just hear it for yourself and be the judge.&nbsp;</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: justify;"> ~~ Cheers ~~&nbsp;</div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: justify;"> P.S. I know ... this is not the stuff I blog about. Well this one was worth blogging ...&nbsp;</div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/DeEDyavUo6M" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2012/01/check-out-mysha-didi-on-youtube.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-62901674813927422222011-12-26T01:17:00.001+05:002011-12-26T02:03:24.795+05:002011-12-26T02:03:24.795+05:00Indian Ocean Tsunami: Seven Years, Yet memories fresh ...<div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-qw1s4BSIP-E/TveLKP_h2LI/AAAAAAAABLE/l5lzYePHI3s/s1600/DSC_8108.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="426" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-qw1s4BSIP-E/TveLKP_h2LI/AAAAAAAABLE/l5lzYePHI3s/s640/DSC_8108.JPG" width="640" /></a></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> A tribute to the victims of Indian Ocean Tsunami&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center;"> 26th December 2004</div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> Seven years ago it happened,&nbsp;26th of December never it be forgotten,&nbsp;Seas rose and waves crashed,&nbsp;on the People of the Sea.</div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> Fifty-seven Islands,&nbsp;infrastructure&nbsp;damaged.&nbsp;Fourteen Islands,&nbsp;totally evacuated.&nbsp;Twenty one resorts,&nbsp;forced to close.</div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> $400 Million,&nbsp;estimated damage and loss.&nbsp;Hundred and Eight people,&nbsp;reported dead.</div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> The tsunami that came,&nbsp;left with the pain.&nbsp;Memories fresh,&nbsp;dwell in our hearts. &nbsp;&nbsp;</div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> *the statistics are Maldivian&nbsp;</div> </div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <object height="360" width="480"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/ydlnbsUIftk?version=3&amp;hl=en_US&amp;rel=0"> </param> <param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"> </param> <param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"> </param> <embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/ydlnbsUIftk?version=3&amp;hl=en_US&amp;rel=0" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="480" height="360" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true"></embed></object></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> YusufIslam - CatSteven&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center;"> Indian Ocean<br /> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="color: #444444;">(I<span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 15px;">ndian Ocean is a song recorded by Yusuf Islam formerly Cat Stevens in aid of the countless children orphaned in tsunami-hit Indonesia.)</span></span></span></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/RbupnkwwR_k" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2011/12/indian-ocean-tsunami-seven-years-yet.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-75109221541566981112011-12-13T19:54:00.000+05:002011-12-13T20:13:36.988+05:002011-12-13T20:13:36.988+05:00Uphold the Constitution and Remain a Sovereign Islamic Nation !!<table align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" class="tr-caption-container" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; text-align: center;"><tbody> <tr><td style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_O4ZFc6dNJnI/Sg2cK5zkFPI/AAAAAAAAAFg/0UZTH7kyupQ/s400/Constitution+of+the+Republic+of+Maldives.JPG" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"><img border="0" height="300" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_O4ZFc6dNJnI/Sg2cK5zkFPI/AAAAAAAAAFg/0UZTH7kyupQ/s400/Constitution+of+the+Republic+of+Maldives.JPG" width="400" /></a></td></tr> <tr><td class="tr-caption" style="text-align: center;">Constitution of the Republic of Maldives.<br /> (Famous capture of the cover, not sure of the photographer)</td></tr> </tbody></table> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">With laws made to safeguard Islam as a religion in Maldives how can one even think that the country will loose Islam as it's foundation and its faith? Who ever thinks otherwise is either unaware of the Constitutional authority Islam has in the country or is unable to digest the reality that Maldivians go way deep into roots of Islam. There should be NO fear among Maldivians to believe or even think of a day when Islam can be wiped off the surface of Maldives.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">We are Maldivians, we have remained an Islamic state for over 800 years or so. We are a country that fosters the Islamic way of life, morals and values. We are&nbsp;apparently&nbsp;the only 100% people&nbsp;democracy&nbsp;in the world that has a 100% Muslim population. We should not only be proud of it but should also protect this legacy by not allowing our country turn into a extremist hub. We should not allow our country to fall into the hands of religious&nbsp;extremists&nbsp;and turn into another Taliban&nbsp;Afghanistan. We are a moderate people with a&nbsp;beautiful&nbsp;history and culture, we are a people of peace and harmony. We should all keep this in mind and make sure we do not take that wrong turn in these changing tides.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">I for one strongly oppose the small protest by some 30 Maldives demanding Religious Freedom in the Country. Not because it was only&nbsp;unacceptable&nbsp;but it is also illegal under the Constitution. One is entitled to Freedom of Assembly and Freedom of Expression under the Maldivian Charter of Rights and Freedom, everyone should abide the charter, and follow the right &nbsp;to&nbsp;exercise&nbsp;freedom given to one by the charter, one should not do so by going against Article 27 of the Constitution.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"></span><br /> <a name='more'></a><span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">It is not an issue of Human Rights. No westerner nor a certain Navi Pille can come from any Human Rights organization and comment on rights and freedoms in a country where a People of&nbsp;Democracy&nbsp;has agreed upon their Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. Nor can the United Nations come in between the people and their beliefs.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">People in a certain place determines what Freedom is for them, people in that place decides what Human Rights is for them. We do not have to refer to Uncle Sam on how human rights should be and&nbsp;interpret the First&nbsp;Amendment to make laws.&nbsp;In Maldives we do not kill innocent people, we do not beat women as they do in "extremist"&nbsp;Islamic countries. We do not&nbsp;torture&nbsp;people to death nor we have kill squads. We are a country that practices a moderate Islamic Shari'ah and law. Let us be as we are, as a Republic, as a Democracy, as a Islamic Sovereign Nation, as an example to the rest of the Islamic world.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">Read for yourself and understand what you read. For Islam shall prevail in this pearl of a country in the great Indian Ocean !!!</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b><u style="background-color: white;">Chapter I - State, Sovereign and Citizens</u></b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 2</b> of the Constitution defines the Republic of Maldives as; 'The Maldives is a sovereign, independent, <i>democratic Republic based on the principles of Islam</i>, and is a unitary State, to be known as the Republic of the Maldives. Any reference to "Maldives" is a reference to the Republic of the Maldives'.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 9 </b>Citizen, concludes in saying; '(d) Despite the provisions of the article (a) <i>a non-Muslim may not become a citizen of the Maldives'.</i></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 10</b>&nbsp;State Religion says; '(a) <i>The religion of the State of the Maldives is Islam. Islam shall be the one of the basis of the laws of the Maldives. (b) No law contrary to any tenet of Islam shall be enacted in the Maldives'</i>.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b><u style="background-color: white;">Chapter II - Fundamental Rights and Freedom</u></b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 16</b> Guarantee of Rights goes on to say;&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">'(a) This Constitution guarantees to all persons,<i> in a&nbsp;manner that is not contrary to any tenet of&nbsp;Islam, the rights and freedoms contained within&nbsp;this Chapter, </i>subject only to such reasonable&nbsp;limits prescribed by a law enacted by the&nbsp;People’s Majlis in a manner that is not contrary&nbsp;to this Constitution. Any such law enacted by the&nbsp;People’s Majlis can limit the rights and freedoms&nbsp;to any extent only if demonstrably justified in a&nbsp;free and democratic society.&nbsp;</span></div> <br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">(b) The limitation of a right or freedom specified in&nbsp;this Chapter by a law enacted by the People’s&nbsp;Majlis as provided for in this Constitution, and&nbsp;<i>in order to protect and maintain the tenets of&nbsp;Islam, shall not be contrary to article (a)'</i>.</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 19</b> Freedom from Restraint goes on to say; 'A citizen is<i> free to engage in any conduct or activity&nbsp;</i><i>that is not expressly prohibited by Islamic Shari’ah or&nbsp;by law</i>. No control or restraint may be exercised&nbsp;against any person unless it is expressly&nbsp;authorized&nbsp;by&nbsp;law'.</span></div> <br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">Perhaps&nbsp;the most important of all Articles in the&nbsp;constitution&nbsp;is <b>Article 27</b>. 'Everyone has the right to freedom of thought and the&nbsp;freedom to <i>communicate opinions and expression in a&nbsp;manner that is not contrary to any tenet of Islam</i>'.</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 37</b> Right to Education also stresses; '(3)&nbsp;<i>Education shall strive to inculcate obedience to&nbsp;Islam,&nbsp;instil&nbsp;love for Islam</i>, foster respect for&nbsp;human rights, and promote understanding,&nbsp;tolerance and friendship among all people'.</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 67</b> Responsibilities and Duties say; 'The exercise and enjoyment of fundamental rights and&nbsp;freedoms is inseparable from the performance of&nbsp;responsibilities and duties, and it is the responsibility&nbsp;of every citizen:&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">Clause (f) to <i>promote democratic values and practices in a&nbsp;manner that is not inconsistent with any tenet&nbsp;of Islam</i>; and&nbsp;Clause (g)&nbsp;to <i>preserve and protect the State religion of&nbsp;Islam</i>, culture, language and heritage of the&nbsp;country'</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b style="background-color: white;"><u>Chapter III - The Peoples Majlis</u>&nbsp;</b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 70 </b>Legislative Authority, clause (c) say; 'The <i>People’s Majlis shall not pass any law that&nbsp;</i></span><i style="background-color: white;">contravenes any tenet of Islam</i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">'.</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 72</b> Qualification of Members, clause (a) sub-clause (3) says that the MP be <i>'a Muslim and a follower of a Sunni&nbsp;school of Islam'</i>.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 100</b> Removal of President or Vice President&nbsp;(a) 'The People’s Majlis, by a resolution, may&nbsp;remove the President or the Vice President from&nbsp;office only on the grounds of:&nbsp;(1.) <i>direct violation of a tenet of Islam</i>, the&nbsp;Constitution or law;'</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b><u style="background-color: white;">Chapter IV - The President</u></b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 109</b> Qualification of the President, clause (b) states that he has to 'be <i>a Muslim and a follower of a Sunni school of&nbsp;Islam</i>;'</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;">The President is entitled by the law to uphold the Constitution of the Republic of Maldives. If he is in direct violation of a tenet of Islam, the Constitution or law Article 100 will be imposed on him, whereby he will be removed from the post.&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b><u style="background-color: white;">Chapter V - The Cabinet&nbsp;</u></b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 130</b> Qualification of the Cabinet Members, clause (a) sub-clause (3) states that ministers have to&nbsp;'be&nbsp;<i>a Muslim and a follower of a Sunni school of&nbsp;Islam</i>;'</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <b><u style="background-color: white;">Chapter VI - The Judiciary&nbsp;</u></b></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 142</b>&nbsp;Compliance with Law says clearly that; 'The Judges are independent, and subject only to the&nbsp;Constitution and the law. <i>When deciding matters on&nbsp;which the Constitution or the law is silent, Judges must&nbsp;consider Islamic Shari’ah</i>. In the performance of their&nbsp;judicial functions, Judges must apply the Constitution&nbsp;and the law impartially and without fear,&nbsp;favor&nbsp;or&nbsp;prejudice'.</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b><u>Chapter VIII -&nbsp;Application and Construction of the Constitution.</u></b>&nbsp;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><b>Article 274</b> Definitions, explains in detail the Constitutional meaning or definitions for "Tenet of Islam" and Islamic Shari'ah as follows;</span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> </div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i style="background-color: white;">“<b>tenet of Islam</b>” means, the Holy Qur’an and&nbsp;those principles of Shari’ah whose provenance&nbsp;is not in dispute from among those found in the&nbsp;Sunna of the Noble Prophet, and those&nbsp;principles derived from these two foundations; and</i></div> <br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <i style="background-color: white;">“<b>Islamic Shari’ah</b>” means, the Holy Qur’an and&nbsp;the ways preferred by the learned people within&nbsp;the community and followers of the Sunnah in&nbsp;relation to criminal, civil, personal and other&nbsp;matters found in the Sunna.</i></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> If you happen to have read all those Constitutional Articles, you would have to agree that if Maldivians uphold their Constitution there is not the slightest chance for Islam to be letdown in the country. As long as we Uphold the Constitution we will Remain a Sovereign Islamic Nation !!! That is for sure.&nbsp;</div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/tJooWxPW15A" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2011/12/uphold-constitution-and-remain.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-83321808587704482962011-12-07T15:15:00.001+05:002011-12-07T17:00:40.573+05:002011-12-07T17:00:40.573+05:00Random thoughts: Politics in Maldives heading nowhere<div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://29.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_l605m7iyJC1qcq7upo1_500.jpg" imageanchor="1" style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;"><img border="0" height="265" src="http://29.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_l605m7iyJC1qcq7upo1_500.jpg" width="400" /></a></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> For any democracy to function one will always assume that there has to be a ruling party and a opposition party. In the case on Maldives, a country that so happens to be a transitioned democracy,&nbsp;we have some 13 different registered political parties, of course divided into two main fronts. These political parties have already formed&nbsp;alliances&nbsp;and alleged to work hand in hand on these fronts.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Then again when one comes to think about the history of most of these parties, one will find that they come from similar origins, born out of personal conflicts, power hunger or difference in opinion. Same old faces from day one, shuffling through the "Party System" of a struggling country.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> The country happens to be a&nbsp;Presidential&nbsp;system of&nbsp;government however, with too many elements of a&nbsp;parliamentary&nbsp;system of&nbsp;governance.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Members&nbsp;of the Parliament (MPs) are elected after a General election where constituencies get to elect their candidates whether it be an independent candidate or a party candidate. When a candidate comes &nbsp;out with a party ticket, the public goes along with their&nbsp;favored&nbsp;political party and makes sure that the party gets the seat. On rare instances in some&nbsp;constituencies&nbsp;where people do not&nbsp;favor&nbsp;any of the party choices they have, get&nbsp;themselves&nbsp;an independent candidate on their seat.&nbsp;Now these members are elected either cause of their party background or simply cause their political stance go along with the majority.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> </div> <a name='more'></a><br /> <br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> The same applies for of the President. You have a set of fellas coming from either party primaries, in some cases where the simple raise of hand in a party council of 5-7 (maybe more), nominate candidates to the general voters. Or the Independent candidate who does not come from any party backing but of course through "well wishing" financial backing. The voters get to make their pick, the guy with the majority becomes the president.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> I suppose its quite simple and very democratic.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> However, when you have elected MPs changing and shuffling in their one term, from one party to another, general public won't just go along. Here are constituencies that elected certain someone not &nbsp;for the person he is but for the party he represents, those people are not gonna be happy. Then again it happens. The Parliament can shuffle and reshuffle every fortnight. And guess what, the parliament has ultimate control on almost all&nbsp;affairs&nbsp;of the country. Simply&nbsp;that's&nbsp;how the law works.</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> In the end of 2008 we witness history in the country when 30 year long President of the country Gayyom proved the bench that he has never served as a president in the country of course&nbsp;according&nbsp;to the New version of the Constitution and that he can indeed compete in the elections where clearly states no one person can stay in office for longer than two terms.&nbsp;Apparently&nbsp;a&nbsp;constitution&nbsp;that was supposed to be&nbsp;amended&nbsp;turned out to be a totally new constitution in the end.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> After what turned out to be a Maldivian version of 'Clash of Titans', Nasheed the activist swore oath on 11 November 2008 as the President. The government so many called the "Change every one wanted", in a life of two years lost its allies and became heavily discredited and now has "become every ones nightmare" so tells every person who has an opposition agenda. As expected the general public goes along with the flow.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Dhivehi Rayyitunge Party, founded and brought into existence by non other than Gayyom, abandoned him, well to the most part Thasmeen, who was up brought to the ranks by Gayyom, kicked the old man out. Though officially Gayyom left on his own, knowing he can't get hold of the DRP vessel, created his own new Fan base with the all new Progressive Party of the Maldives (PPM). He was joined with his little brother Yameen, who earlier detached from DRP&nbsp;opposing&nbsp;big brother to go ahead with his own bandit Peoples&nbsp;Alliance&nbsp;(PA).&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> With a struggling economic meltdown, increased inflation and of course well propagated&nbsp;opposition and lost allies Nasheed seems to be loosing support once he had. Then again non of this is seen from the Party membership numbers. Yet huge speculation remain that the country has turned away from their Island President.&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> Gayyom loyalists propagates that Nasheed is a drunk loose cannon going mad. While Nasheed goes on promising more flats and&nbsp;apartments on every other island he visits. God knows where things are heading. But one thing is for sure ... Its Maldives ... People can easily fall for anything.&nbsp;&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <br /></div> <div style="text-align: center;"> ****</div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/7FoSZZz1nqY" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2011/12/random-thoughts-politics-in-maldives.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-441405150174917492011-11-28T17:16:00.001+05:002011-12-13T13:50:49.690+05:002011-12-13T13:50:49.690+05:00Who's holding us back? - GREENPEACE Publication<div> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="color: #66cc00; font-size: 28px; font-weight: bold;">How carbon-intensive industry is preventing effective climate change legislation</span></div> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white; color: #333333; font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; font-weight: bold;"><br class="Apple-interchange-newline" />The corporations most responsible for contributing to climate change emissions and profiting from those activities are campaigning to increase their access to international negotiations and, at the same time, working to defeat progressive legislation on climate change and energy around the world.</span><br /> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white; color: #333333; font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 12px; font-weight: bold;"><br /></span></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"> <div style="text-align: center;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white; color: #333333; font-family: Verdana, sans-serif; font-size: large; font-weight: bold;"><a href="http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/reports/Whos-holding-us-back/">Greenpeace link</a></span></div> </div> </div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/SXa_hgvzBvc" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2011/11/whos-holding-us-back-greenpeace.htmltag:blogger.com,1999:blog-3596575768064240222.post-43633916585083946072011-11-15T23:12:00.001+05:002011-11-15T23:16:22.645+05:002011-11-15T23:16:22.645+05:00Youth Involvement<span class="Apple-style-span" style="background-color: white; color: #222222; font-family: Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 18px;"></span><br /> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <blockquote class="tr_bq"> <b><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">This post is targeted to Scouting, however other similar organizations that work with Youth will find this helpful.&nbsp;</span></b></blockquote> <b><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><br /></span></b><br /> <b><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">What is Youth Involvement?</span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <b><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><br /></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="text-align: center;"> <b><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"></span></b><b><i><o:p><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;"><i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">Youth involvement is a process that ensures youth have a voice in the decisions that affect their lives. It creates volunteer opportunities for youth to be a part of the changes and decisions being made in their communities.</span></i></span>&nbsp;</span></o:p></i></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">There are two main ways in which voluntary organizations can engage in youth participation:<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">•&nbsp;<i>Internally</i>, ensuring that young people are listened to and involved in decision-making and planning within their own organizations;<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">•&nbsp;<i>Externally</i>, supporting the young people they work with to get involved in public decision making and address issues that are of concern to them.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">In scouting we can take three areas where youth should be encouraged to be involved:<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">1.<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span dir="LTR"></span><i>At level of the group/unit;</i>&nbsp;it is important to include young adults in the functioning of the units or groups. Adult with more experience should mentor the young adults keeping their activities on the tight path, in accordance with the scout method, purpose and principles.<i><o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">2.<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span dir="LTR"></span><i>Within the movement at other levels;&nbsp;</i>Young adults should be involved while taking major decisions in the local, provincial, regional and national level in scouting. It should be remembered that the scout movement is a movement&nbsp;<i>FOR</i>&nbsp;the young people and it should be of their interest and of themselves rather than an adult show. An equal share of adults and young people should be there in all decision making levels.<i><o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">3.<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span dir="LTR"></span><i>Within the community;</i>&nbsp;Scouting is a movement which strives to create a better world, to create this better community scouts as young adults take up leading roles in upholding leadership roles and work in different social initiatives. Positive youth involvement in the community leads to a creation of a better society.<i><o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /> <a name='more'></a><br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <b><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">Why Involve Young people in Decision Making?<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">1.<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span dir="LTR"></span><i>Young People’s rights;&nbsp;</i>Young people have a right to be involved and to have their voice be heard in decisions that involve them. Participation is a fundamental right of all people, regardless of age. As far as young people are concerned, this right is enshrined in the UN Convention of Rights of the Child; Article 12.&nbsp;<i>UN Convention on the Rights of the Child<b>.&nbsp;</b>Article 12: 1. “States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the rights to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child...”<o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.25in;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">2.<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span dir="LTR"></span><i>Democracy and equal representation;&nbsp;</i>For a healthy democratic society it is essential to have participation in decision making by all concerned people. In scouting that includes both the Adults as well as Young Adults. In an organization such as scouting where the movement is FOR the young people, it is important to have their say in their decisions.<i><o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.25in;"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">3.<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span dir="LTR"></span><i>Youth perspective;&nbsp;</i>Young people have the ability to contribute new and fresh ideas to traditional ways of operating. Young people’s ideas can be more effective and benefiting as those ideas would be genuine and more creative. After all our founders motto was “Ask the boy”.<i><o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">4.<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span dir="LTR"></span><i>Skills development;&nbsp;</i>Young people can gain huge amount of confidence and experience if provided with the opportunity to contribute directly to the movement initially leading to positive involvement of youth in the community. Many skills are developed in young people, which can lead directly to improved educational performance and better employment prospects.<i><o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">5.<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span></i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><span dir="LTR"></span><i>Scout Method; In</i>&nbsp;Scouting it is important to understand that the scout method itself is based on Youth Involvement. A scout system should not work like a Military unit but like a small democratic state with its provinces, i.e. the teams; its constitution, i.e. the scout law; its government i.e. the council or executive body; its parliament i.e. the groups and their councils where all scouts can participate in selecting activities. This is the real definition of the&nbsp;<i>“PATROL SYSTEM”<o:p></o:p></i></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in;"> <i><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">“The Patrol system has a great character-training value if it is used alright. It leads each boy to see that he has some individual responsibility for the good of his Patrol. It leads each Patrol to see that it has definite responsibility for the good of the troop… Through it the scouts themselves gradually learn that they have a considerable say in what their troop does. It is the patrol system that makes the troop and all of the scouting that matter, a real co-operative effort” Aids for Scout mastership - B.P.<o:p></o:p></span></i></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">Youth involvement is only possible when Adults realize that the young person should not only follow in their tracks but also go further and improve the society. Adults should involve young people in decision making and give them real responsibilities. In scouting, adults and young people should work together to built and create a better world, a better society. How can young people be trained in citizenship without giving them opportunity to share responsibilities and make decisions.&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <b><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><br /></span></b><b><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">Advantages of Youth Participation and involvement:<o:p></o:p></span></b></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>Young people are empowered to be self directed<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>Young people make responsible choices<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>Young people participate as group members in making decisions that influence them<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>Young people are given the opportunity to learn group leadership skills and to assume leadership roles in planning activities and projects.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>Young people experience a sense of belonging.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>When young people participate in planning and implementing, the program becomes more aligned with their interests.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>New ideas brought in can result new and exciting activities.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>As young people become more involved in articulating what is important to them, program goals and objectives can become more youth centered.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>Adults role become more as of supervising than facilitating.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing" style="margin-left: 0.5in; text-indent: -0.25in;"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">·<span style="font: normal normal normal 7pt/normal 'Times New Roman';"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span>Young people can begin to take on leadership and teaching roles and work in partnership with adults to maximize the opportunities for learning and growth for all members of the movement.<o:p></o:p></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <br /></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;">Adults serve as mentors and facilitators for developing the skills of the young people, they share power in real ways with young people, which means by providing them with the opportunities for problem solving, decision making, planning, goal setting and helping others.</span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><br /></span></div> <div class="MsoNoSpacing"> <span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: Verdana, sans-serif;"><br /></span></div><img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/maeed/lewj/~4/w2N_dXCLu5k" height="1" width="1"/>Maeed M.Zahirhttps://plus.google.com/113327369513914610743noreply@blogger.com0http://www.maeed.com/2011/11/youth-involvement.html