Wednesday, June 24, 2009
Interview by President Nasheed to the World Today program of BBC World Service Radio, during his official visit to London
PRESS ROOM / Speeches
Interview by President Nasheed to the World Today program of BBC World Service Radio, during his official visit to London
BBC World Service Radio: 3.40 GMT. The President of the Maldives, Mohamed Nasheed has been working on a novel plan to save his island nation from disappearing under water.
President Nasheed: The bottom line is that we are looking for dry land in the doomsday scenario - in the eventuality, unforeseen eventuality, of that happening. Now basically as a responsible politician, we do have to set up structures, we do have to set up processes that can be used by future generations. So therefore, in a sense, the idea is that we start the debate; we start the process now and see how far we could go from here.
BBC World Service Radio: How many people are in the Maldives?
President Nasheed: Three hundred thousand.
BBC World Service Radio: Three hundred thousand? And you got any idea where? They would move en masse. This is the idea, like a…
President Nasheed: Basically the concept is this. Look, we have to have dry land and so everyone should understand that if we sink then we would have to somewhere else. Before that eventuality we want to set up a form, a structure where it can, how it can work out.
BBC World Service Radio: Sure. It really is underway. I mean, I just wander where you might, where all these people might go. What are the options?
President Nasheed: We have to give people the options. I shouldn’t come out and tell them…
BBC World Service Radio: Okay. So you are not going to move as the nation and try and get a whole area of land and say, okay, we can set up here and this can also be called the New Maldives.
President Nasheed: Yeah. Ideally that would have to be the situation. Come on, we don’t want to loose our self as a nation, with loosing nationhood. You know…
BBC World Service Radio: And you said doomsday scenario. So this is what, many decades? What are the scientists saying about the rising sea level?
President Nasheed: Well, they are talking about 70 to 100 years.
BBC World Service Radio: And all the islands will be gone? And there are in the hundreds.
President Nasheed: But if the science, if we don’t do anything now, the thing is we can do something now and avoid these kinds of unfortunate eventualities.
BBC World Service Radio: Okay. One of the things you want to do is this carbon neutral idea and converting how you get energy. Just explain a little bit.
President Nasheed: Basically right now, Kyoto Protocol and everything is based around not doing things. You are asking nations not to do this, not to do that. Instead of that, what we are suggesting is why don’t we think about ways of doing things – which is renewable energy. We feel that renewable energy is viable and it’s financially feasible, and therefore, you know, countries should go into that.
BBC World Service Radio: Not a problem with the Maldives – with sun and waves and wind, it’s obvious.
President Nasheed: Well, yeah. We have a lot of resources. And there is no point in us importing natural resources from other countries. And also while I feel that renewable energy is financially feasible, we are on the brink of a breakthrough, I am sure. There’s been so much investments into renewable energy. So just in the next few years we would see real good alternative renewable solutions.
BBC World Service Radio: Some skeptics say, you know, the Maldives has been talking a long time about disappearing under the waves for decades and nothing has happened and no island has yet, I believe, gone under. So is it just a lot of hot air, if I can say that about very little, that actually the sea levels aren’t changing. Is there proof that they are changing?
President Nasheed: There is lot erosion happening in the Maldives. We’ve had to evacuate some of the islands. This is real and you have to be in the Maldives to see that this is real. If you go and say this to the people of Maduvvari, for instance, this island wouldn’t believe you. They have to move homes, they have to build revetments, they have to build water breakers, they have to go into reclamation, and many adaptation programs.
BBC World Service Radio: Okay. A while ago you said you were going to get rid of you yacht. Is that right?
President Nasheed: Yes. I mean, we don’t need that. We could do without all that luxury yachts and palaces and things like that. You know, it’s just a simple thing to govern and just you do it simply.
BBC World Service Radio: Is this you approach? I mean, obviously you are very different to your predecessor. In fact he jailed you as we know. But I mean, you want to be what – a man of the people? It is a different approach.
President Nasheed: Well, I want to be a realistic person. I want to be able to work within the means of our own country. We have to do with what we earn.
BBC World Service Radio: Actually a yacht might be a good idea to escape a sinking island. Anyway, that was the President of the Maldives speaking to me when he came to London to visit the Queen.
Wednesday, June 17, 2009
Tuesday, June 16, 2009
Monday, June 15, 2009
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Saturday, June 13, 2009
CAMPING AND OUT-DOOR CODES
CAMPING AND SCOUTING
Some people talk of “roughing it” in camp. Well a “tenderfoot” may find it rough and uncomfortable. But there is no “roughing it” for a backwoodsman. He knows how to look after himself and make himself comfortable. If he had no tent, he would not sit down to shiver and grouse, but sets to work, to rig up a shelter or a hut for him. He chooses a good spot for it, where he is not likely be flooded out if a storm of rain were to come on. Then he lights a camp fire, and makes himself a soft mattress of ferns or straw.
“A scout is full of resources. He can find a way out of any difficulty or discomfort.” Baden Powell describes in his book, “Scouting for boys.”
To become a good scout camping and the outdoors are essential. To be a scout it is important to know “living in the open.”
Camping is the joyous part of a scout’s life. Living out in the open air, among the hills and trees, living with nature, having your own little canvas home, doing your own cooking and exploration – all this brings health and happiness such as you can never get among the bricks and smoke of the town.
When u go camping, you have to spend days and nights out-of-doors, away from comforts and convenience of home. This serves as your training on how to live in the open.
As you live in a camp with your fellow scouts, you will have lots of fun and adventure. You will experience walking up among your friends to a beautiful, fresh and dewy morning and have the thrill of swimming, playing games and working in a happy comradeship with your buddies, both in the patrol and the troop. You will discover the mysterious enchantment of being with your fellow scouts, singing and telling stories around the glowing campfire under the starry sky.
To get the most fun out of your camping experience, you must learn to make proper preparations. You must know ahead of time what kind of cloths to wear for any kind of weather and place. You must know what equipment you need and how to pack them and you must know and remember several other things that will make camping more comfortable and enjoyable for you.
Before going on a camp, you must first decide where you will have your camp, and what kind of a camp it should be. The best place for a camp is close by a wood where you have permission to cut firewood and to build huts. The seaside also gives some good camp grounds if you find boats are available and bathing is possible.
In choosing the camp site, always think what it would be when the weather becomes very rainy and windy. Choose the driest and most sheltered spot. Not too far, not too far away from your water supply. Remember that a good water supply is of first importance and make sure your drinking water is pure.
On reaching the camping ground the latrine is the very first thing to attend to – all scouts should bear this in mind. Before pitching tents or lighting the fire the latrine is dug and screens erected around it. The trench should be two feet – deep, three feet long and one feet wide so that the user can squat as astride of it, one foot on each side. A thick sprinkling of earth should be thrown in after use. After a few days the whole trench should be carefully filled with earth.
The camp ground should at all times be kept clean and tidy, not only to keep flies away but also because SCOUTS ARE TIDY!!
“LEAVE NO TRACE”
CLEANING CAMP GROUND
Never forget that the state of an old camp ground, after the camp has finished, it tells exactly whether the patrol/troop which has used it was a smart one or not.
“No scouts who are any good ever leave a camp ground dirty. They sweep up and burry or burn every scrap of rubbish” says BP
It is a big disgrace for any troop or patrol or lone camper to leave their camp ground dirty and untidy. Remember the only two things that you leave behind you on breaking up camp:
YOUR THANKX TO THE OWNER OF THE GROUNDS
OUT DOOR CODES
1. PLAN AHEAD AND PREPARE
Proper trip planning and preparation help hikers and campers accomplish trip goals safely and enjoyably while minimizing damage to natural and cultural resources. Campers who plan ahead can avoid unexpected situations and minimize their impact by complying with area regulations such as observing limitations on group size.
2. TRAVEL AND CAMP ON DURABLE SURFACES
Damage to land occurs when visitors trample vegetation or communities or organisms beyond recovery. The resulting barren areas develop into undesirable trails, campsites, and soil erosion.
3. DISPOSE OF WASTE PROPERLY (PACK IT IN, PACK IT OUT)
This simple yet effective saying motivates backcountry visitors to take their trash home with them. It makes sense to carry out of the backcountry the extra materials taken there by your group or others. Minimize the need to pack out food scraps by carefully planning meals. Accept the challenge of packing out everything you bring.
Take everything back in your pack, even line trimmings. Use a sealed plastic container to take out any leftover food. Fish entrails and human body waste should be buried at least 6-inches deep and 200 feet from water, trails or campsites.
4. LEAVE WHAT YOU FIND
Allow others a sense of discovery: leave rocks, plants, animals, archaeological artifacts, and other objects as you find them. (It may also be illegal to remove archaeological artifacts.)
5. MINIMIZE CAMPFIRE IMPACTS
Some people would not think of camping without a campfire, yet the naturalness of many areas has been degraded by overuse of fires and increasing demand for firewood.
6. RESPECT WILDLIFE
Quick movements and loud noises are stressful to animals. Considerate campers observe wildlife from afar, give animals a wide berth, store food securely, and keep garbage and food scraps away from animals. Help keep wildlife wild.
Quick movements and loud noises also reduce fish catching opportunities. Respectfully handle fish that are caught and baits that are brought. If you are keeping a fish, dispatch (kill) it quickly and humanely, such as with a blow to the head or slitting the gills. Consider the use of lead-free fishing tackle.
7. BE CONSIDERATE OF OTHER VISITORS
Thoughtful campers travel and camp in small groups, keep the noise down, select campsites away from other groups, always travel and camp quietly, wear clothing and use gear that blend with the environment, respect private property, and leave gates (open or closed) as found. Be considerate of other campers and respect their privacy.
A SCOUT CAMPING OR HIKING KIT LIST
*this can be used as a sample kit list
Pair of sneakers
Pair of slippers
Change of underwear
Hand held Mirror
Papers and pen
*this can be used as a sample kit list
Tents with poles and pegs
Dining fly with poles and pegs
COOKING CREW CONTAINER/COOKING UTENSILS
Roashi dhamaa ehthi
Roashi fihaa ethi
Electric or gas lantern
“He is a hefty Rover Scout, about eighteen years of age that is a fellow training to be a man. He has tramped from a distance with his pack, in which were his light tent, his blanket, cooking pot and food.
He carries on him his axe and lariat. In his hand a serviceable staff with a weirdly carved head, his own work.
In addition to this load he carries a still more important thing - a happy smile on his weather - tanned face.”
Describes lord Robert Stephan Smyth Baden Power of Gilwell, the Chief Scout of the world in his book ‘Rovering to Success’
“THE TERM ROVER SCOUT STANDS FOR A TRUE MAN AND A GOOD CITIZEN”.
The law for Rovers is the same as for Scouts, in wording and principle but has to be viewed from a new standpoint – that is from that of a man. In both cases the principle underlying the scout law knocks out self and shoves in good-will and helpfulness to others. Don’t take this as instruction in piety, but as directions to manliness.
THE AIM OF THE ROVER BROTHERHOOD
Rovers are a brotherhood of the open air and service. They are hikers on the open Road and campers of the Woods, able to shift for themselves, but equally able and ready to be of some service to others. They are in point of fact a senior branch of the Boy Scout Movement – young men of over seventeen years of age.
The four main AIMS of the scout training in woodcraft are to develop these points:
• Character and intelligence
• Handicraft and skills
• Health and strength
• Service for others and citizenship
OBJECT: THE AIM OF ROVERING IS BROTHERHOOD AND SERVICE FOR OTHERS.
The object of the Rover Training is to enable young men to develop themselves as
THE ROVER SCOUT PROMISE
“ON MY HONOR I PROMISE,
TO DO MY BEST TO DO,
MY DUTY TO ALLAH AND THE COUNTRY
TO HELP OTHERS AT ALL TIMES
AND TO OBEY THE SCOUT LAW”
*The Rover Scout promise is the same as the Scout Promise.
THE ROVER SCOUT LAW
A scout’s honor is to be trusted: As a Rover Scout, no temptation, however great or however secret, will persuade you to do a dishonest or a shady action, however small. You won’t go back on a promise once made.
“A Rover’s word is as good as his bond”
“The truth and nothing but the truth for the Rover”
A scout is loyal to his country, his leaders, his parents, his employers, and those working under him:
As a good citizen you are one of a team “playing the game” honestly for the good of the whole. You can be relied upon the country, by the scout Movement, by your friends and fellow workers, by your employers or employees, to do your best for them – even though they may not always quite come to what you would like of them. Moreover, you are loyal also to yourself; you won’t lower yourself respect by playing the game meanly; nor will you let another man down – nor a woman, either.
A scout’s duty is to be useful and to help others: As a Rover your highest aim is SERVICE. You may be relied upon at all times to be ready to sacrifice time, trouble, or, if need be, life itself for others.
“Sacrifice is the salt of service”
A Scout is a friend to all, and a Brother to every other scout, no matter to what social class the other belongs: As a Rover, you recognize other fellows as being, with yourself, sons of the same father, and you disregard whatever may be their difference of opinion or caste, creed, or country. You suppress your prejudices and find out their good points; any fool can criticize their bad once. If you exercise this love for men of other countries and help to bring about international peace and good will.
“All the world’s a brotherhood”
A scout is courteous: like a knight of old, as a Rover you are of course, polite and considerate to women, old people and children. Bit more than this, you are polite also even to those on opposition to you.
“Whoso is in the right need not lose his temper; whoso is in the wrong cannot afford to”
A scout is a friend to animals: You will recognize your comradeship with gods other creatures placed, like yourself, in this world for a time to enjoy their existence. To ill-treat an animal is therefore a dis-service to the creator.
“A Rover has to be big hearted”
A scout obeys orders of his parents, scout leaders or scout master without question:
As a Rover you discipline yourself readily and willingly at the service of constituted authority for the main good. The best disciplined community is the happiest community, but the discipline must come from within, and not merely be imposed from without. Hence the greater value of the example you give to others in this direction.
A scout smiles and whistles under all difficulties:
As a Rover you will be looked to as the man to keep your head, and to stick it out in a crisis with cherry pluck and optimism.
“If you can keep your head when all about you are losing theirs and blaming it on you
…you’ll be a man. My son”
A scout is thrifty: As a Rover, you will look ahead and will not fritter away time or money on present pleasures, but rather make use of preset OPPORTUNITIES with a view to ulterior success. You do this with the idea of not being a burden, but a help to others.
A scout is clean in thought, word and deed:
As a Rover, you are expected to be not only clean minded, but clean willed; able to control any sex tendencies and intemperance’s; to give an example to others of being pure and above board in all that you think, say and do.
There is to the Scout code an eleventh law, an unwritten one, namely “A SCOUT IS NOT A FOOL”. As a Rover you have to remember that in crossing the threshold from boyhood into being a man you are no longer learning to carry out the scout Law, but are actually using it for guidance of your conduct in life. More than this you are now in the responsible position of giving an example to others, which may lead them to good or evil, according to weather or no you model your conduct on the law, and how far you carry out that promise which you have made, on your honor, as a Rover Scout, to give out good will and help to all.
The unit of Rovers is the CREW no minimum number is fixed for a Crew, which may be subdivided into patrols as may be suitable.
TRAINING: it is recognized that in order that a Rover can carry out properly his aim of brotherhood and service it is necessary for him to continue, or to start, his training in various forms of scout craft which help him to achieve a knowledge of how to look after himself and how to meet any situation which may arise without losing his head. He is expected therefore, to qualify himself after a certain period of time – to his own satisfaction and that of his Rover Scout Leader and Crew – along certain lines such as, camping, hiking, Swimming, Health Education, First aid, Safety work and to obtain an understanding of the workings of local government.
Each member of the Crew should, as far as possible, have his own special duties, such as keeper of camp stores, the scribe, the purse holder, hike manager and so on.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF A ROVER SCOUT
Remember that as a Rover, besides making yourself a better citizen, you are, weather you know it or not, being looked up to by boys in your scout group and your neighborhood.
As a Rover Scout or older boy among your younger brothers, you have a responsibility on your shoulder which at first you may not realize. You may be guiding many a boy to good or bad according o what you do or say yourself.
A HIHGER SERVICE FOR ROVER SCOUTS
Among the various forms of service, that of helping to run Scouts or cubs may seem at first sight to be rather a small one. But when you come to look into it, it is the most easy of all to take up, since the opportunities for it lie close to your hand as a Rover, but at the same time it is one on which you can obtain big results in making men out of boys, result can be of the greatest value to your country.
*NOTE: THIS RESOURCE MATERIAL IS PREPARED WITH INFORMATION TAKEN FROM THE BOOK “ROVERING TO SUCCESS” BY LORD BADEN POWELL OF GILWELL. IT HAS BEEN PREPARED BY ROVER SCOUT MAEED MOHAMED ZAHIR (President's Scout). ITS PURPOSE IS TO GIVE AN OVERVIEW OF ROVER SCOUTING.